Edward Packard
Daily Blog

April 24, 2017

The most important comment I’ve seen in the past 24 hours:

“Whatever the final result, Le Pen and her party will not go away. They stand for a set of feelings that are real, that exist in every Western country, and that are now best fought openly, point by point, argument by argument — for they pose a genuine and powerful threat to liberal democracy as we know it.”
                                               Anne Applebaum in the Washington Post.


April 23, 2017

Trump, the “Pro Life” President

It would be a huge benefit to humanity if contraceptives were provided free to everyone. The cost would be trivial in relation to the benefits. Yet William Kristof reports in an op-ed piece in today’s New York Times, “Trump just cut every penny the U.S. provides the United Nations Population Fund. This organization has nothing to do with abortions but is a central player in the global effort to fight for women’s health.” Kristof doesn’t report this from behind a desk in the Times building, but from Haiti, where he has witnessed deaths and extreme suffering, which he vividly describes, because of lack of services the Population Fund provides.

Trump acted not out of religious conviction –– clearly, he is not a Christian. He did it to retain the allegiance of Christian evangelicals, 80% of whom voted for him in the election. In a firmament otherwise bereft of light, self-interest is his sole guiding star.


April 22, 2017

Trump, Russia, and the Department of Justice, continued

Mary McCord, the 20-year career Justice Department official in charge of investigating possibleTrump team - Russian collusion, announced last week that she is quitting her job “to pursue other opportunities.” Probable cause for believing the Trump campaign colluded with Russia has been established. Uncovering what involvement Trump may have had in this enterprise is the Justice Department’s most important task. Why Mary McCord would seek “other opportunities” at such a critical juncture is a glaring question. There is something strange about it, something that, if known, might open up whole new fields of inquiry.

Who will replace McCord? Sessions was forced to recuse himself from the investigation, but we can be sure that he or his compliant designee will appoint someone certain to sabotage it, unless, as is quite possible, the appointment of McCord’s replacement will forever be happening soon.


      April 21, 2017

Trump, Russia, and the Department of Justice

Jeff Sessions, having cast his lot with Trump early in Trump’s campaign to secure the Republican nomination, was rewarded with a position on the Trump transition team and then appointed Attorney General. After falsely denying meetings with Russians in the course of his confirmation hearings, he was pressured into recusing himself from overseeing the Justice Department’s investigation of Russia’s efforts to tilt the election to Trump and possible collusion with Russia by the Trump team. The FBI has been investigating the Russian /Trump campaign connection, but the investigation requires co-ordination with the Justice Department, with whom resides the power to issue subpoenas.

The primary responsibility in the Justice Department for pursuing the investigation fell on Acting Assistant Attorney General and Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General for National Security Mary McCord. Although McCord’s involvement is of crucial importance to this critically important legal matter, she told the staff of the department’s national security division this week that she’s leaving in May to pursue other opportunities. Presumably, she is not free to talk about the real reason for her departure. A dark cloud obscures what’s going on at the Justice Department, and there’s barely any chance it will dissipate while Trump enablers are in charge.


April 20, 2017

FALSTAFF –- GIVE ME LIFE, by Harold Boom

Mario Vargas Llosa, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010, noted that many literary characters seem more real to him than most actual people. It’s clear that Bloom feels that way about Sir John Falstaff, who appears in Henry IV, Parts One and Two, and (by reference) in Henry V. Sir John is a fat, larcenous reprobate, well on in years, who is a habitué of the Boar’s Head Tavern and spends a lot of time with the lively low-life to be found there, including the bawds Mistress Quickly and Doll Tearsheet, and, in his days as the dissolute young prince, Hal, the son of the usurper monarch, Henry IV.  Bloom acknowledges that Falstaff abounds with faults, but he admires him for being a vitalist –– for his zest for life, his “perpetual freshness.” He agrees with Orson Welles' opinion that the fat knight’s “goodness is like bread and wine.”

Falstaff and Prince Hal are companions in carousing and bantering except when obliged take arms against rebellious noblemen challenging the legitimacy of the reigning king. Hal and his adversary Hotspur hunger for honor. Falstaff “destroys the validity of that appetite” in a reply to Hal that pricks pride in honor and leaves it as limp as a collapsed balloon.

After Henry IV dies, Hal, now Henry V, cruelly rejects Falstaff, whose death, off stage, in Henry V, is reported poignantly by Mistress Quickly. Bloom judges Falstaff to be “the greatest wit in literature. “Falstaff is as intelligent as Hamlet,” he says. “But Hamlet is death’s ambassador while Falstaff is the embassy of life. . . I value him more since it is not easy to be old and merry. . . Sir John cures me. Is he not sweet, kind, and true? As for valor, if you take it to be audacity, age has not withered nor custom staled Falstaff’s infinite vitality.”

Just as Falstaff’s exuberant psyche infects Bloom, Bloom’s infects mine.


April 19, 2017

Unceasing Unacceptability

Almost daily Trump and members of his entourage exhibit ignorance, incompetence, avariciousness, and a dozen other distressing qualities. It’s hard to keep up with his offenses. Hard to keep from getting used to them. But each, like Trump’s stating that an aircraft carrier was heading toward North Korea when it was 3,500 miles away and moving in the opposite direction, reinforces the impression that Trump is either stupid or nefarious (alternate possibilities that are explored in the current issue of the journal Foreign Affairs), or, quite likely, both. We have survived one-sixteenth of Trump’s term in office. It’s not clear that we’ll survive fifteen-sixteenths more.


April 18, 2017

Trump’s North Korea Policy

Trump’s North Korea policy appears to be to raise Kim Jong-un’s paranoia to ever higher levels, to goad him into making bigger bombs and missiles, and to strip him of any doubt he might have that the only way to deal with America is through war.

“Just in the past two weeks, the world witnessed the strength and resolve of our new president in actions taken in Syria and Afghanistan,” Vice-President Pence declared during a visit to South Korea. Look at the fifty-nine missiles we shot at Syria! Look at the tremendous bomb we set off in Afghanistan!

An American carrier task force moved toward the North Korean coast.

Look on our works, ye mighty, and despair.

“North Korea would do well not to test the resolve or the strength of the armed forces of the United States in this region,” Pence warned. The end of the era of “strategic patience” has arrived.

What is such bluster supposed to accomplish? It can only further hyper-radicalize this nuclear-armed Spartan state. Does anyone think that, if attacked, North Korea would not wreck massive havoc on its southern neighbor, twenty million of whose inhabitants live within range of the North’s artillery? If Kim failed to retaliate, if he were exposed as a paper tiger, his reign would end, and so would he. Attack begets attack. Escalation begets escalation.

Is a negotiated settlement with North Korea possible? That it might be is a compelling reason to try to attain one. Which Trump hasn’t, understandably. A peaceful settlement, if it is possible, would require on the part of an American president cognitive competence, wisdom, imagination, and good will.


April 17, 2017


Harold Bloom has been professor at Yale for probably longer than anyone else and is probably more steeped in Western literature than anyone else. He has written some remarkable books on poetry, literary genius, and the Western canon, including most notably on Shakespeare, whom he holds in such high esteem that he admits to “Bardolatry.”

Bloom latest project is a series of books, each on a major Shakespearean character. The first, which I’m about to read, is titled FALSTAFF –– GIVE ME LIFE. Sir John Falstaff is Bloom’s favorite character.  He is commonly viewed to be a buffoon and a rogue, but he is much deeper and more admirable than that characterization would imply, a thought I will follow up on after I finish the book.


April 16, 2017

Angela Merkel

My morning was brightened as I scrolled down Facebook and came upon this message from Angela Merkel: “I wish you and your families a happy and blessed Easter.” Of course, there was nothing personal in it –- it was sent to many millions of people. But I know enough of her to know she meant it. Angela Merkel is a good soul.


April 15, 2017

2017  --  Winter - Spring Reading  

Curious about how life works, I recently read three books by the British biochemist Nick Lane, who is not only an eminent authority on the subject, but an unusually engaging writer. The titles and subtitles of the books give a sense of what he covers, from the first stirrings of self-replicating organisms in alkaline hydrothermal events, on to LUCA, the last universal common ancestor of all life on Earth, and right up to 21st century homo sapiens and our contemporaries. Parts of these books may be technically challenging for those who haven’t taken a chemistry or biology course (a population that includes me), but any interested reader will find all three fascinating: They broadened my perspective on the world and on our place in the skein of life. I’m eager to reread The Vital Question, published just last year, but I’ll probably wait till I finish a completely different book, a copy of which is sitting beside me on the floor. More about that tomorrow.
    Oxygen -–  The Molecule That Made the World
    Life Ascending –  The Great Inventions of Evolution
    The Vital Question –- Energy, Evolution, and the Origins of Complex Life


April 14, 2017

Trump and the Risk of Nuclear War

In the years since the U.S. and the Soviet Union adopted a posture of mutual assured destruction (MAD), which has continued in the post-Soviet era and persists to this day, there have been a number of episodes where we and the Russians came close to launching nuclear-armed missiles at each other, a danger made more likely by the reckless practice, shared by both countries, of keeping missiles on hair-trigger alert. Perpetuating this danger of the ultimate apocalypse is a game of Russian roulette we and the Russians play. Every new day the risk is renewed that a false warning, a mistaken communication, a computer glitch, or some other unforeseen event could trigger the response and counter-response that would end us all.

Most of the close-calls we’ve had have been averted because, after indications of an attack, someone, either a Russian or an American, said Wait! We can’t be sure! In some cases this may have happened because a Russian thought –- The American President would never order a surprise attack! Russians had a thorough understanding of Barrack Obama’s character and temperament. They knew him well enough to know that it would be unthinkable that he would initiate a war of mass destruction. While Obama was in office, No! He wouldn’t do that! would be the likely thought of Russian officers who received a report that American missiles had been launched.

That was then, and now is now. So impulsive, so volatile, so deluded, and so unpredictable is Donald Trump that no such constraining thought would enter the mind of a Russian officer today. There are numerous reasons why Trump should be removed from office. This may be the most important.


April 13, 2017

Trump Team Russian Ties

Cheers for the Washington Post’s ongoing report and chart titled: “Here’s what we know so far about Team Trump’s ties to Russian interests.” Each update reports on salient events and shows members of the Trump team and Russians with whom they have or had ties. Each tie or event reported is one of the bits and pieces I referred to yesterday.

By the way, the Post’s list of Russians isn’t complete. For example, it doesn’t include Dimitri Rylobovlev, the “Fertilizer King” and one of the richest men in Russia and former principal stockholder of the Bank of Cyprus, the notorious money-laundering vehicle for Russian oligarchs from which our present secretary of commerce, Wilbur Ross, only recently resigned as vice-chairman. In 2008 Rylobovlev paid Trump what appears to have been about fifty million dollars over market value for an unoccupied moldy mansion, which Rylobovlev subsequently tore down. Since then, his private plane has been photographed on several occasions parked at regional airports contemporaneously with Trump’s plane, including as recently as this past February. Rylobovlev clearly qualifies for inclusion in the Post’s “Here’s what we know” report.


April 12, 2017

Every day, fresh events divert attention from the most important topic: Trump’s probable collusion with Russia in that country’s strenuous efforts to tilt the election. So far, only bits and pieces have come to public light, but there are lots of bits and lots of pieces. Last evening, the Washington Post reported that Carter Page, a former investment banker in Moscow and foreign policy adviser to Trump, was (and presumably still is) the subject of an FBI investigation, in the course of which the FBI secured surveillance warrants from the FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Court. Such warrants are granted only when probable cause is shown that an important national security interest to the United States is involved, in this case that Page appeared to have been engaged in clandestine activities on behalf of the Russian government. In March 2016, when Trump was asked who he expected to be relying on for foreign policy advice, Page was the second person he named.

This is just another bit and piece, but there are a lot of them, and new ones keep surfacing. If they can stitched together, this country will be a lot better off.


April 11, 2017

Keeping up Hope

There’s still some slight and shaky cause for hope that Trump will be ejected from office before the end of his term. Two congressional committees and the FBI are continuing to investigate the his campaign’s probable collusion with Russia in that country’s efforts to tilt the election.  A lot depends on whether James Comey, the FBI director, is committed to bringing the truth to light. The biggest blockade to truth is the conspiracy of silence among the many members of the Trump inner circle who have had intriguing relationships with Russian oligarchs and associates of Vladimir Putin. May the whole story come out before it's too late.


April 10,  2017

Shock and Awe Redux

Checking some websites over the weekend, I came across this item in the Huffington Post:

“Watch Cable News Fawn over Trump’s Syria Strike.”

I did not click on it. I decidedly did not want to watch cable news fawn over Trump’s Syria strike, particularly because I had recently read this in a Washington Post article:

“Brian Williams, on MSNBC, seemed mesmerized by the images of the strikes provided by the Pentagon. He used the word ‘beautiful’ three times and alluded to a Leonard Cohen lyric — ‘I am guided by the beauty of our weapons’ — without apparent irony.”

More recently I ran across this quote in a Post column by Anne Applebaum:

“A CNN pundit and Post columnist declared that Trump, with this bombing raid, ‘became president of the United States.’”

Comments like this echo the failure of the media to illuminate what was happening leading up to the Bush - Cheney invasion of Iraq in 2003 and in treating Clinton’s email lapses as if as if they were of the same order as Trump’s ignorance, mendaciousness, mean-spiritedness, and gross incompetence.

Ms. Applebaum regards such dreck as I do. Trump was spectacularly unfit to be president before he ordered the attack. Just because it’s arguable that a qualified and honorable president might have reacted similarly is not a conjecture that suddenly legitimizes Trump or reveals a heretofore hidden admirable quality of character. The state of the Union is, if anything, more perilous than it was a week ago. There’s no beauty in that.


April 8 and 9, 2017


Firing 59 Tomahawk missiles at Syrian airbase this past week was largely a symbolic act. Russia was given advance warning, the Russians warned the Syrians, and apparently damage was so limited that Syrian jets were using the runways within 24 hours after the attack.

Since he first fired on peaceful protestors in 2011, initiating a civil war, Syria’s dictator, Bashar al-Assad, has killed hundreds of thousands of his own people, bombed hospitals, used barrel bombs designed to maximize casualties, and created a massive refugee problem, causing immense suffering, discontenting neighboring and European countries, and contributing to the destabilization of the European Union. In 2013, Assad killed and injured hundreds of people in a poison gas attack, which he reprised this past week. Assad is a war criminal and a scourge on the Earth who should be captured, tried, and convicted for his monstrous acts.

Supporting Assad and his military apparatus are Iran, Iran’s proxy, the Lebanon-based militia, Hezbollah, and Russia, which maintains port facilities and an air base in the country and apparently has forces embedded with Assad’s and whose efforts lately helped Assad retake the key city of Aleppo. Opposing Assad are Jihadist-infected rebels, a major element of which, the self-declared Islamist state, ISIS, still occupies areas of eastern Syria and Iraq. Aiding the rebels, including its extremist elements, are Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and other Sunni states. In the mix are the Kurds, who have been trying to solidify their control of areas of northern Syria and Iraq. Turkey is also opposed to Assad, but mainly intent on bombing and suppressing the Kurds. The United States has been active in trying to destroy ISIS forces in both Iraq and Syria, but had not taken any action against the Assad regime prior to the Tomahawk missile attack this past week.

For years, until the latest poison gas attack, Trump had been resolutely opposed to taking action against Assad. After seeing pictures of the injured and dead, he decided to act. In doing so, he sent a message, but, coupled with other indications, an unsatisfying one: Assad can continue to butcher his people, but shouldn’t use poison gas.

The circumstances in Syria are such that there is little the U.S. can do militarily without precipitating a major war, including with Russia, at a time when Trump and his farrago of advisers have been blustering at Iran, issuing cryptic threats to North Korea, and continuing the war in Afghanistan and anti-ISIS operations in Yemen and in Africa. Working imaginatively and boldly to try to achieve a diplomatic solution, necessarily with something in it for all parties, which would involve offering massive relief and rehabilitation aid for ravaged Syria and taking in up to a hundred thousand Syrian refugees, is probably what the U.S. should do, because it is the best and most noble thing it can do, though it certainly won’t.


April 7, 2017

The Supreme Court

Gorsuch looks good for twenty to thirty years on the Court. Kennedy will likely retire within the next three years and be replaced by a someone much less creditable, not improbably someone as scary as Jeff Sessions. At best, the result would be a solidly right-wing Court, subject possibly to some rare instances of independent thinking by John Roberts, who offended many Republicans by voting to uphold the Affordable Care Act.

All four liberal justices will try to stay on the Court at least until 2021, hoping that a Democrat will be elected to replace Trump. May they enjoy the best of health! Otherwise, yet another right-winger or two will be seated, ensuring that the Court will serve for decades as an instrument of the Republican Party, one almost as reliable as Fox News.


April 6, 2017

Trump’s modus operandi –– an example.

1  In 2013, Bashar al-Assad adds chemical weapons to his repertoire of ways of inflicting horror and death on his own people.

2.   In a multitude of tweets, Trump urges the U.S. government not to take military action in Syria.

3.  President Obama asks Congress for authority to take military action.

4.  Congress neither gives Obama authority, nor denies it, choosing to ignore the issue instead.

5.  Trump continues to advocate that no action be taken against Assad throughout the campaign up until recent days.

5.  Assad again uses chemical weapons against his own people.

6.  Trump blames Obama for failing to take action against Assad.



April 5, 2017

Proving that Trump and his confederates collaborated with Russia in its efforts to tilt the election to Trump is akin to assembling a jigsaw puzzle with a huge number of pieces. You find more and more that fit together. It’s slow going even though you’ve fitted enough pieces together so you’re getting a good idea of how the final picture will look. Meanwhile, whenever he has a chance, Trump brushes pieces under the table and drops in ones from other puzzles to confuse you. He doesn’t want you to put the picture together, because it’s a high definition image of his indescribingly sickening face.


April 4, 2017

Trump / Russia

The duration, intensity, timing, and circumstances of relationships between Trump and his confederates and Russia and Russian oligarchs suggest that Trump campaign collusion to tilt the election to Trump is all but certain. There’s evidence of continuing collusion as well. Given the conspicuous disinclination of Trump and his confederates and Republican members of Congress, and possibly even the F.B.I., to allow investigations to be pursued to conclusions, it seems unlikely that the truth will out and that Trump will be removed from office before the 2020 election.

Each month until then, Trump will try to tighten his grip. Democrats must work as never before, and may need some luck as well, if America is to retake its place as a model of democracy for the world. In the space of a few months our nation has taken on an an ugly face. If, despite big-money bankrolling of Republican politicians, propagandizing by public relations teams and right-wing media, continuing Russian meddling, and voting restriction practices and gerrymandering instituted by Republican-controlled state governments, Democrats can’t take control of at least one house of Congress or the White House by the 2021, our nation’s character will likely be forever transformed.



April 3 2017

Trump / Russia links

Devin Nunes, Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, became so alarmed at the progress his committee was making in investigating Russian-Trump campaign links that he halted its work. Separate investigations by the Senate Intelligence Committee and the F.B.I. continue. Given the multiplicity and intensity of involvements between Russia and Russian oligarchs and Trump and members of his cabinet and inner circle, it is all but certain that a great deal of illegal, and even treasonous, activity took place. In the coming months, some people will be trying to uncover it, while others, including the president and the attorney general, are trying to cover it up.




April 2, 2017

Today I woke up thinking, "Why do Republican members of Congress let him get way with it?” Within the hour I came across a totally illuminating article by Michelle Goldberg in Slate that squarely addresses the question. “Before Trump’s election,” she writes, “I thought I had a low opinion of Republican members of Congress. Yet it turns out I had much more faith in them than I realized, because I’ve been stupefied by their passivity in the face of Trump’s corruption and incompetence.”
This redoubtable journalist investigated why she had been so naive. I recommend you read her article. The gist is that a great many Republican members of Congress are appalled by Trump, but are afraid to say so publicly. They are afraid that Trump will tweet at them; they are afraid of right-wing criticism; they are afraid of far-right wing wrath; they are afraid they would lose support of big donors; they are afraid they would lose primary contests. Someday, in a book titled Profiles in Cowardice, their story may be told



April 1, 2017


In the face of rising popularity of a credible opposition candidate and unexpected protests, Putin has tightened his despotic grip, destroying potential challengers and squashing demonstrations. Meanwhile, our Secretary of State, former Exxon CEO Rex Tillerson, who forged a personal alliance with Putin when he was working out gigantic oil deals with him, remains silent, as, of course, does Trump. It's offical: The U.S. is no longer concerned with political freedom or human rights.




March 31, 2017



Michael Flynn’s offer to testify in exchange for being granted immunity is a promising development. No doubt Flynn is guilty of one or more serious crimes. The thought that he would escape prosecution is not a happy one, but this would be a small price to pay if the process exposed to daylight the whole structure of relationships between Trump and his cabal and Putin and his cabal. There is no assurance that Flynn’s testimony will accomplish that goal, but if competently extracted, it will, at the least, materially advance the inquiry.

Of course, immunity should only be granted as to Flynn’s acts prior to his testimony. When he testifies, he must fear being prosecuted for perjury if he lies. It’s doubtful that he’ll be more forthcoming than is necessary to save his own skin. For that reason, the investigating body, most likely the Senate Intelligence Committee, must be as prepared as possible before grilling him. They need to know exactly what questions to ask and which ones he can’t refuse to answer.



March 30, 2017

Checks and Balances

What would our nation’s founders have said, back in 1787, if they had been asked, “Suppose, with the help of the dictator of a powerful adversary of the United States, an unprincipled, mendacious, narcissistic demagogue intent on establishing a kleptocratic autocracy fooled enough people to get elected president and immediately began acting against the country’s best interests, would the Constitution you are drafting in Philadelphia save America from despotism?”

The answer would have come back: “This is just the sort of case we have worried about, and for that reason we have devised a system with three branches of government, each to be a check and balance against the others. In the case you describe, Congress would have ample grounds to impeach the president and would swiftly remove him from office.”



March 29, 2017



The FBI is investigating credible evidence of collusion between Trump’s campaign operatives and Russia in the course of Russia’s strenuous efforts to tilt the election to Trump. A lot of circumstantial evidence and some direct evidence of culpability of Trump’s close associates has turned up. Two Congressional committees began investigating these claims. In response, the Trump administration tried to confuse and deflect the issue, for example by spinning out unsupportable accusations such as Trump’s infamous Obama-wiretapped-me tweet.

Meanwhile, evidence of Trump team / Russian collusion continued to pile up, alarming Devin Nunes, Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, who is a faithful ally of Trump and was a member of the Trump transition team. Nunes reacted by undermining, obfuscating, and, finally halting the Committee’s investigation completely.

Calls for Nunes to recuse himself from the investigation have been wholly in order. Given his role in the Trump campaign, there is no way he could lead an objective investigation. Nunes hasn’t even argued that he would fulfill his responsibility without fear or favor, he simply commented that Democrats’ concerns about his impartiality were “their problem.”

Martin Luther King said that he looked forward “to a day when people will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” If that day had come, Devin Nunes would be held in universal contempt.



March 28, 2017

A new book titled The Crisis of the Middle Class Constitution deservedly got front page treatment in this past Sunday’s New York Times Book Review. The author, Vanderbilt Law professor Ganesh Sitaraman, explains why the kind of extreme income inequality that presently exists in America isn’t just unfair, and in many cases cruel, it threatens the foundations of our government –– our continuance as a great democracy.

It’s a common theme of history that, as income inequality becomes increasingly extreme, the poor become increasingly frustrated and resentful, and therefore more vulnerable to a demagogue who promises to make things better for everybody, but once in power becomes a tyrant.

Now we’re witnessing how, despite Trump’s promises to help less fortunate Americans, he has no compunction about grinding  them into the dirt in order to benefit himself, his family, and his coterie of greedy enablers. If those who love this country can’t get political control of it by 2020, Trump will almost certainly complete his life mission of turning it into into a kleptocratic autocracy, in the course of which he will get even richer than Vladimir Putin.



March 27, 2017

Today’s Washington Post has an excellent article on Trump’s proposed elimination of EPA cleanup programs for Chesapeake Bay and the Great Lakes. To adequately characterize the mind (Trump’s) that proposes to cancel these programs requires every pejorative adjective in the dictionary.


March 26, 2017

Anyone wishing to write critically of Trump and his enablers has to perform triage in deciding what to decry. I recently read something that upset me particularly, though in a way it’s less urgent than some other pressing concerns, such as the obstruction by Devin Nunes, the Republican chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, of investigation into probable collusion of Trump and his enablers with the Russian government. What occasioned my most recent distress –– only one of countless acts of Trump in hacking away at responsible government –– was the depraved gutting of the EPA, in particular in eliminating programs to clean up the Great Lakes and Chesapeake Bay.

"Clean up," in this case, means, at the least, serious efforts to reduce pollution in the great bay that reaches into the heart of our country and in the most magnificent assemblage of lakes in the world, stewardship of which the United States shares with Canada.


Tough, Canada. We’re the greatest, and we don’t give a damn.




March  25, 2017

If Western civilization survives another fifty years, within that span the Met will stage a sold-out performance of the world premiere of the opera Trump. Act I will end with an aria performed by the leading tenor of the day and “invested with insuperable pathos,” as one critic will write, titled, “Why Could I Not Get the Health Care Deal Through?”



March 24, 2017

The tragedy of the Titanic was not that the ship’s hull was sheared by the projecting edge of an iceberg. It lay in the brain of the captain, whose obsession with breaking the speed record excluded contradictory thought. Some of the ship’s officers that night, and passengers as well, must have felt apprehensive as the ship kept its course and speed through the cold, dark, iceberg-strewn sea.

Our ship of state churns grandly through the waves. Some members of Congress feel apprehensive these days, and ordinary citizens as well. The Titanic’s captain was a distinguished gentleman, thoroughly experienced in the ways of ships and of the sea. Ours
is a stuffed suit with the aspect of a crowing rooster and mind of a ill-tempered child.




March 23, 2017

Copied below is an email I sent Senator Cory Gardner (R. Colo.) last evening. I don’t expect him to be persuaded by me, but I hope that at some point he’ll decide that he’s paying too high a political price by continuing to support Trump. The more and the harder people keep pressuring him, the sooner that point will come. If I make Senator Gardner feel the slightest bit uncomfortable with my remark, good for him.
Dear Mr. Gardner

Surely, it's evident to you by now that Trump's legitimacy as president has been called into grave question. I urge you to be a leader and demand postponement of the Neil Gorsuch confirmation until the issue of the Trump / Russian connection is resolved. To have watched Rep. Nunes's behavior today ––  to have witnessed his suspect visit to the White House and to have listened to his multiple confused and confusing comments, is enough to know that that, at this point, to march lockstep with Trump is a failure of character.

Counting on you,




March 22, 2017

How interesting it would be to look into the mind of Dimitri Rylobovlev, the “fertilizer king” and possibly the second richest man in Russia. If Rylobovlev isn’t available to let us peek into his mind, billionaire Wilbur Ross, our new Secretary of Commerce, might help us see into it, because Ross bought into the Bank of Cyprus, known for its money-laundering services for Russian oligarchs, when Rylobovlev was its largest stockholder. I don’t know how intensively Rylobovlev remained active in the Bank’s affairs after Ross arrived, only that Ross and Viktor Vekselberg, a billionaire businessman with close ties to Putin who bought shares in the Bank in 2014, about the same time as Ross did, served as co-vice-chairmen of the Bank until Ross resigned after being confirmed to his cabinet post.  

In any case, there’s a good chance that Ross knows enough about Rylobovlev to know why Rylobovlev’s private plane was in a position to be photographed parked at airports in Concord, North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, Burbank California, and, just last month, in West Palm Beach, Florida, at the same time Trump’s plane was at the same airport, and Ross might also know why in 2008 Rylobovlev paid Trump what appears to have been about fifty million dollars over market value for an unoccupied moldy mansion, which Rylobovlev subsequently tore down, which might make anyone wonder what was as smart a businessman as Rylovovlev thinking?

There are others besides Wilbur Ross who might be able to help us see into Rylobovlev’s mind, and into quite a number of other minds as well. If we could view the whole lot of them it would be quite a spectacle.




March 21, 2017




How interesting it would be to look into the mind of FBI Director James Comey. He seems to be dedicated to getting to the bottom of the big question: Did Trump collude with the Russians in their strenuous efforts to tilt the election in Trump’s favor? A question looms, however. Is Comey sincere? Fixed in our memories is his announcement a few days before the election that in connection with the FBI’s investigation of possible derelictions of Anthony Weiner, the husband of a top Hillary Clinton advisor, the FBI was investigating an additional cache of Hillary’s emails even though there was no indication that they showed any wrongdoing on her part. Comey could not have been unaware that his announcement would have a psychological effect that would favor Trump. Given what we now know about what Comey knew, but didn’t publicize, about Russia’s involvement in the campaign and connections between Trump people and the Russians, Comey’s Weiner related email investigation announcement is indefensible as a neutral effort to keep the public informed.

In view of this history, Comey can’t be trusted, which is another reason the nation needs (though, sadly, probably won’t get) a select bi-partisan committee and special prosecutor with full subpoena powers to pursue this matter. This said, Comey appears to be a complex person. It is not impossible that, though in the past he favored Trump, he now sees Trump for the abomination Trump is. Comey may have resolved to repair the damage he caused. He may have resolved to be a good guy.




March 20, 2017

I can’t think of anything more true and more meaningful than the observation
quoted below, so I’ll let it serve as my blog today:

“If a budget can be a portrait of a soul, then this president’s is arid and shriveled. It is filled with contempt for the needy. Here is a man dismissive of the arts, the environment, the humanities, diplomacy, peacekeeping, science, public education and civilian national service — in short, civilization itself.”
                                                               Roger Cohen  (New York Times op-ed)




March 19, 2017


Checks, Balances, and Justice

The U.S.Constitution establishes the three branches of the federal government, each to serve as a check and balance against the other two, a safeguard against tyranny. One feature of this system is that courts can only make decisions on cases and controversies brought before them. Suppose a high official has committed a federal crime. It’s up to the U.S. Department of Justice to prosecute him or her. The president doesn’t want this to happen. Out with Sally Yates and Preet Bharara. In with Jeff Sessions. There.


March 18, 2017

Getting on with Important Business

A couple of weeks ago, though it feels like a longtime feature of American history, Trump asserted that Obama wiretapped him at Trump Tower prior to the election. Trump provided no hint of evidence for this claim, and it has been universally discredited, even by Fox News, yet he continues to reiterate it, yesterday oafishly alluding to it in the presence of Angela Merkel and claiming that Obama got Britain to do it.

Trump is deeply worried about the investigations into relationships between Russians and people in Trump’s campaign while Russia was working to tilt the election in his favor. His demand that committees investigating his Russian connections also investigate his being wiretapped was a typical exercise in obfuscation and diversion.

Some would have it: “There’s Trump for you. He does this kind of thing, but, you know, it won him the election. Let’s get on with important business.” This attitude is yet another reason why removing Trump from office is our highest priority. It’s America’s most important business.




March 17,  2017


1.  The Republican leadership passes a spectacularly horrible health care bill to replace Obamacare.

2.  Trump enthusiastically endorses it.

3. The Republican leadership, aware of political downsides to the bill, amends it to pass a somewhat less spectacularly horrible health care bill.

4. Trump endorses it, and signs it into law.

5.  The law proves to be disastrous.

6. Trump says that if Congress had stuck with the first bill that he had enthusiastically endorsed, the outcome would have been great and beautiful; blames those who caved in to weak losers.



March 16, 2017

Letter sent to Congressional Representative Scott Tipton (R. Colorado)

Dear Mr. Tipton:

Even if I were a Republican, I’d urge you to vote against the replacement for Obamacare proposed by the Republican House leadership. It can’t be good for the Republican Party to wear the albatross of taking away health care insurance from 24 million people, producing savings that will mostly evaporate in tax breaks for rich people and big corporations.


Republicans did well in 2016 because events converged in a perfect storm that worked in their favor, the focus on Hillary’s emails to give just one example. It would be folly to count on such luck again. In the space of the last few months Trump has confirmed the worst fears anyone had about him. In an obvious diversionary tactic, he leaked two pages of his 11-year-old tax returns. They may be the only ones that wouldn’t embarrass him.


A number of Republicans in Congress are beginning to take exception to the behavior of this narcissistic, mean-spirited, mendacious man. By a year from now the mood of the country won’t resemble what it was in November 2016. Those marching lock-step with Trump are heading off a cliff. If you think deeply about this historical moment, you won’t be among them.


March 15, 2017


North Korea–– The Crisis is Now

The U.S. has had mutual assured destruction (MAD) status for decades with Russia and China. During this period there were several occasions when we were lucky to avoid a nuclear exchange. North Korea clearly aspires to achieve MAD status with the United States. Within a few years, it may have a hundred nuclear bombs and be capable of delivering nuclear-armed missiles that can strike targets in continental U.S. We need to address this threat without delay. Extraordinary efforts must be made to deal with it.

A coalition of the U.S., China, South Korea, and Japan must make Kim Jong-un an offer he can’t refuse. To secure China’s cooperation, China and South Korea must both be satisfied that North Korea won’t implode into a state of anarchy and mass famine, resulting in millions of desperate North Koreans streaming into neighboring countries.

The offer to Kim should be of a plan for peace that he can present to his people, not just without losing face, but as a tremendous achievement on his part. And indeed, it would be! His imperial status and basic military structure would not be disturbed.

What follows is my idea of guideposts for the sorts of treaty provisions needed if agreement and compliance by all parties is to be achieved:

     (1) a subsidiary treaty will be signed between North Korea and South Korea, supplanting the armistice existing between the countries since 1953;
     (2) North Korea will cease further development of nuclear arms and missiles, compliance to be continually verified without reservation by U.N. inspectors,
and will conduct no further missile or nuclear bomb testing;
     (3) North Korea will institute and maintain humane treatment of all prisoners, this provision to be monitored by U.N.inspectors;
    (4) North Korean officials will be given immunity from prosecution for past crimes against humanity;
     (5) the current regime of sanctions against North Korea will be lifted;
     (6) a relief program will be instituted to assure adequate food supplies for all North Koreans;
     (7)  a “Marshall plan” for economic and agricultural development for North Korea will be instituted with all deliberate speed;
     (8) the U.S. and South Korea will suspend building anti-missile defenses in
South Korea and will cease any further joint military exercises;
     (9) Kim Jong-un and his entourage will retain power as long as he and the North Korean people so choose, and coalition members will take no acts intended to destabilize the North Korean government;
    (10) the treaty will include provisions to deter and deal with lapses or breaches by any party.




March 14, 2017

Last evening Bernie Sanders and Chris Hayes held a “town hall” in McDowell County, West Virginia, the heart of coal country and one of the poorest counties in the country. Trump won there by a landslide. The area is depressed economically largely because the coal industry has been in decline for many years. Coal mining jobs have gotten scarcer, and what one coal minor called “secondary jobs,” the kind you can get if you’re lucky after losing your coal mining job, don’t pay for more than bare subsistence, if that. Another thing troublesome in McDowell County is that the infrastructure is substandard and there’s a dearth of public services. Drugs are a problem, and there’s a lack of treatment centers. People at the town hall who were given the microphone and had a chance to express their thoughts were articulate in describing their difficulties.

Trump promised he would help people like this: he’d bring the coal jobs back. No wonder so many voted for him. Hillary offered no such hope. She characterized Trump supporters as “a basket of deplorables.” There were people at the town hall who may not have liked being spoken of that way.

What has Trump done –– what will he do  –– to fulfill his promises to these people? He claims he has already helped them dramatically! He abolished the Stream Protection Rule, thereby giving the green light to coal companies and other industries to dump toxic waste into water courses, thereby increasing health hazards for everyone in McDowell County. That's not helping them. Could Trump’s action have had a beneficial effect as well? It will probably save many extractive industries tens of millions of dollars, increasing their annual profits by as much as one or two percent. That’s why such companies and their richest stockholders finance political campaigns of politicians willing to trash the environment.

It would seem that if you are saving money by wantonly dumping waste, it’s because you don’t need to pay for less harmful and more expensive disposal services. Wouldn’t you need to hire people more people to dump waste carefully than to dump waste recklessly? No, that’s not why more people would be hired by the reckless waste dumpers, it’s because the companies saving money that way will use it to invest in job-creating activities. That's the story they'll tell you. It's a version of the trickle down theory. Make the rich richer. and there will be more money to trickle down to ordinary people. It’s all hokum. Only occasional drops trickle here and there, worth about as much as ones seeping through the ceiling over a coal miner’s head.



March 13, 2017

Are we living in an autocracy yet?

A good way to look at this question is to compare the state of affairs in Russia with that in the United States. Each of these countries is nominally a democracy. They are alike in having constitutions that establish three branches of government, provide for the election of the president and members of legislatures, and purport to guarantee human rights. In both systems the president’s term is limited, to four years in the U.S. and six in Russia, and the president can impeached and removed from office for serious crimes.

Although ample grounds exist for impeachment of the current Russian president, Vladimir Putin, most members of Russian legislative bodies have deferred to him for many years. He has shut down independent media outlets, had opponents and journalists jailed, exiled, and killed, and concocted phony criminal cases against political opponents to disqualify them from running against him. Putin is an autocrat. Russia is an autocracy.

What about our country? Ample grounds exist for impeachment of Donald Trump, but most members of Congress have held back from removing him from office. That is chilling in itself. Thankfully, Trump’s powers are more limited than Putin’s. Congress is roiled with divisions and not yet reduced to being just a rubber stamp. Trump continually attempts to discredit elements of the media that are not appreciative of him, but independent journalism in the United States is not as easily suppressed as it is in Russia. The Supreme Court of the United States has debased itself to some extent by handing down decisions tilting election outcomes to the right, but the U.S. judicial system is more robust than Russia’s, and the principle of judicial review less vulnerable. Despite having powerful allies in the media, preeminently Fox News, Trump’s efforts to delegitimize the independent media have had only moderate success.

It’s not clear how Putin-like Trump would be if he could get away with it, but it’s telling that his chief advisor, Steve Bannon, evidences no moral scruples in pursuing his ambitions. If Trump were more principled than Bannon, he would not keep Bannon as a chief advisor. Trump is aspiring autocrat. At present, America is drifting toward becoming a Putin-style autocracy.




March 12, 2017

Trump: Collusion with Russia? / Direct Evidence and Circumstantial Evidence.

One thing that caused me to sit up and take notice in law school was when a professor said that, even if you don’t have direct evidence, you can convict a suspect if you have enough circumstantial evidence. This is true because “proof” is basically about probabilities. To secure a conviction in a criminal case, the trier of fact –- generally the jury –– must find that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. It must be very highly probable that the defendant is guilty to gain a conviction. Direct evidence is more likely to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt than circumstantial evidence.

As to the issue of Trump’s asserted collusion with Russia, an example of direct evidence would be an authentic video recording of Trump saying to Putin that if Putin would help him win the election against Clinton, Trump would do something far out of the ordinary, namely nominate a good friend of Putin for Secretary of State and cut the State Department budget by 37% (which is what, among other Putin-friendly things, Trump has actually done). That piece of direct evidence could be sufficient to warrant a finding beyond a reasonable doubt that Trump is guilty of treason. For the present, no such direct evidence has turned up.

An interesting thing about circumstantial evidence is that you can have a case in which each bit of evidence creates only a small possibility that the defendant is guilty, and you find additional bits of evidence, each similarly creating a small possibility that the defendant is guilty, and enough small probabilities, taken together, create a much larger probability. Small possibilities in aggregate may add up to an overwhelming likelihood that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.

Imagine in a criminal case in which the only evidence supporting a conviction is circumstantial. Counsel for the defense will try to focus on the pieces of circumstantial evidence individually, pointing out how each one falls short of amounting to proof of guilt. The prosecutor will argue that nonetheless, considered together, incriminating pieces of evidence establish proof beyond a reasonable doubt. As Justice O. W. Holmes, Jr said, “It is a fallacy to break the faggot stick by stick.”

These principles are salient in any investigation as to whether Trump colluded with Russia in Russia’s efforts to tilt the election in favor of Trump.



March 11, 2017

As of the moment we have no direct evidence that Trump colluded with the Russian government in its interference with the U.S. election, but a great deal of circumstantial evidence to that effect has come to light. To give one example: an official of the Republican National Committee has stated that before the election Trump made only one request concerning the Republican Party platform: that it be changed by striking language asserting that the United States should supply arms to the government of the Ukraine. This fact is circumstantial evidence that Trump colluded with Russia, though, taken alone, it falls far short of proving that proposition beyond a reasonable doubt.

The thing is: Enough such pieces of circumstantial evidence have come to light so that there can now be no doubt that we need a bi-partisan, independent, fully empowered investigation of the relationship between Russia and Trump and those active on his behalf. Failure by Congress to convene such a commission or appoint an independent special prosecutor will signal to the world, and to ourselves, that the United States is a nation where the president is above the law: that our country is now an autocracy.



March 10, 2017


Just a reminder:


“Fight against normalization of the unacceptable.”
                                       Christiane Annanpoor



March 9, 2013

A  crisis of unparalleled peril with North Korea becomes more and more likely. Kim Jong-un, the hysterically jingoistic leader of that country, is bent on developing missiles that could deliver nuclear warheads to continental United States. Each week he makes progress toward that end. We’ve had mutual assured destruction (MAD) status with Russia and China for decades. It’s a club North Korea is eager to join.

Wake up Republicans! Take time off from ending oppressive regulations and repealing crippling taxes to impeach Trump. There are plenty of grounds for removing him. Ahead of our ship of state lie jagged reefs and treacherous shoals. Our narcissistic impulsive captain prowls wild-eyed on the bridge, ever vigilant . . . to tweet. For love of party, country, compatriots, constituents, friends, your families, and yourself, return him to his towers and his palaces. The world will be instantly safer when you do.




March 8, 2017


News item: “China has granted preliminary approval for 38 new Trump trademarks. . .” 

News item: “North Korea launched four ballistic missiles from its long-range rocket launch site on Monday morning.”


Impeaching Trump would be easy as pie if Republicans in Congress had the will. There’s plenty of reason why they should. Whether you are a conservative or a progressive, it’s plain to see that Trump is morally and mentally unfit. His presence in the White House threatens American democracy and even our existence. 




March 7, 2017

An article in today’s New York Times headlined “New Commerce Secretary Was No Friend of Russians at Cyprus Bank” states: “Wilbur Ross’s interactions with Russians at the Bank of Cyprus, where he was vice chairman, suggest he was more interested in forcing them out than working with them.”

Andrew Higgins, the Times reporter who wrote this story, may have not have learned as much as there was to be learned. He writes further: “When Wilbur L. Ross, a billionaire American investor, bought shares in the Bank of Cyprus three years ago, he found himself part owner of a big but failing bank with a vice chairman who used to work with Vladimir V. Putin in the Leningrad K.G.B. and five other Russians on its board.”

“found himself”? What a shock it must have been for Ross, after making such a large investment that he became one of the principal owners of the Bank  –- thereupon becoming co-Vice Chairman ––  to “find himself” on a board full of Russians, including a co-vice-chairman of the Bank who, Higgins writes, was “Mr. Putin’s former K.G.B. colleague, Vladimir Strzhalkovsky.”

It should not have been a shock to such an astute, experienced, and worldly investor as Wilbur Ross. The Bank of Cyprus had for some time been a money-laundering operation for Russian oligarchs par excellence. Whatever shock it was, Ross got over it. According to Higgins, Ross continued to serve for a period as co-vice chairman of the bank along with Putin pal co-vice chairman Strzhalkovsky..

This surprised me. I had thought it was not Strzhalkovsky, who was co-chairman along with Ross, but Dimitri Rybolovlev, the “fertilizer king,” the most likely candidate, after Putin, for the title “richest man in Russia.” Maybe he was a co-chairman too. I have no information that there were only two people holding that title. In any event, Rybolovlev was in the picture. Higgins writes that “for a time Mr. Rybolovlev was the biggest shareholder in the Bank of Cyprus,” though his investment declined by $600,000,000 in 2013, when “the island’s banking system nearly collapsed.”

    Higgins states that, although the other Russians had close ties to the Kremlin, Rybolovlev did not. How surprising that all the other Russians involved in the Bank had close ties with Putin, but the Russian who was the largest shareholder didn’t! Where did that notion come from? Higgins doesn’t say explicitly, but it appears to have come from Andreas Neocleous, the founder and chairman of the biggest law firm in Cyprus, which bears his name and has many Russian clients, including Ryboloblev.

Is it possible that the lawyer for a bunch of Russians, including Rybolovlev, had a motive for telling a New York Times reporter that all the Russians who were booted out after Ross arrived had good relations with the Kremlin, but Rybolovlev, who continued to be involved with the Bank, did not?

At any rate, the article goes on to say that, rather than allowing himself to become a colleague of these Russian characters, Mr. Ross vanquished all of them. Or almost all. Higgins doesn’t address what Rylobovlev’s continuing role was after Ross arrived, but he does mention another remaining Russian at the Bank, “Viktor Vekselberg, a billionaire businessman who bought shares in 2014, around the same time as Mr. Ross.” Higgins also mentions that Vekselberg has good relations with the Kremlin and that he controls a company that is now the biggest single Bank of Cyprus shareholder.”

 Can we trust Mr. Vekselberg, knowing that in the present era having good relations with the Kremlin is identical with having good relations with Putin. Yes, Higgins implies, because Mr. Vekselberg “has a long record of actually doing real business.”

 In these parlous times, this is a character endorsement.

Mr. Ross only resigned as co-chairman of the Bank of Cyprus after being  confirmed as Secretary of Commerce. The headline for Times article would have been more accurate if it had read: “New Commerce Secretary Was No Friend of Russians at Cyprus Bank except for the Former Largest Shareholder and Present Largest Shareholder.”

Higgins’s article does not address the question of why over the last few years, Rylobovlev’s private jet was photographed parked at one of several U.S. regional airports where Trump’s jet was parked at the same time, including most recently last February 11, at the Palm Beach International airport while Trump was visiting his Palm Beach palace known as Mar-a-Lago, nor does he explore why Rylobovlev purchased a moldy mansion in Palm Beach from Trump in 2014 for what was apparently about $50,000,000 above fair market value.



March 6, 2017

The question nags at me. What is the motivation of the Koch brothers and their allies to cripple the EPA and roll back regulations that keep air and water pollution in check. Why, for example, did they encourage Trump to install an EPA director who is hostile to the EPA and sign an order ending the Stream Protection Rule, thereby making it okay to dump toxic chemicals in waterways?

The Koch brothers have a net worth in the neighborhood of 100 billion dollars. Some of their companies may save a few million bucks by dumping toxic chemicals in water courses. The result might be that in a few years the Koch brothers might be worth something like 110.05 billion dollars rather than only 110.03 billion dollars. Why isn’t it worth something to them to help to improve the nation’s water and air quality instead of endangering people’s health and despoiling the ecosystem? I’ve read something about their background, and their pathological abhorrence of government regulations, but I still can’t figure it out.

And what about all the politicians of both parties who accept campaign donations and perks from fossil fuel interests, knowing that if they vote the “right way” on environmental issues, hefty donations will keep flowing. Some of them, when they do this, may feel a little twinge in the region of the brain where conscience resides. That’s not enough of a response to save American democracy, or our health, or the remnants of the natural world that once was.




March 5, 2017

Trump and Russia: Probabilities and Certainties, continued

As more and more facts come to light, it’s becoming more and more probable that Trump colluded with the Russian government in its attempt to tilt the election in Trump’s favor. Thanks to the surveillance work of David Kay Johnston and his associates, we have photographs and other documentation that a few days before the election last November, Trump held a campaign event in Concord, North Carolina. Parked not far from Trump’s private jet at the Concord airport was the private jet of the close associate of Vladimir Putin, the super oligarch Dimitri Rybolovlev, “the fertilizer king.” Shortly afterward, the same two planes were photographed parked at the Charlotte, N.C. airport, an odd coincidence, as was the proximity of the same two planes on other occasions at airports in Las Vegas, Burbank and, last February 11, while Trump was visiting his place at Palm Beach, at the Palm Beach International airport.

What is the significance of such a high number of times that Trump’s plane and Rybolovlev’s plane were parked at the same time at the same airports over the past few years? How probable is it that Trump has a close ongoing relationship with the fertilizer king? Multiplying this many coincidences of this degree of unlikelihood yields a probability approaching absolute certainty.

To believe Trump, he and the fertilizer king have never met, even though Rybolovlev was the man who paid Trump $100,000,000 for the moldy mansion in Palm Beach, which seems all the more odd since Trump’s billionaire good friend and our new Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, is a co-vice chairman of the Bank of Cyprus, whose other co-vice chairman is . . . Dimitri Rybolovlev.

The Republican-controlled Congress agrees with Trump that his Russian connections before and after his election should not be seriously investigated. This is understandable. The results might have adverse political effects. What else counts?



March 4, 2017


Trump and Russia: Probabilities and Certainties

The other night Rachel Maddow provided some background on Dmitry Rybolovlev. He’s a fellow worth knowing about, a close associate of Putin, a favored oligarch rather than the kind who gets ushered out of the country, or worse. Rybolovlev is known as the “fertilizer king.” It’s a good bet he’s the richest man in Russia after Putin. He has a record of buying tremendously expensive properties throughout the world, including a moldy mansion in Palm Beach he bought from Trump for $100,000,000 even though Trump paid only about $40,000,000 for it a couple of years earlier and let it sit idle until the fertilizer king happened to buy it. Apparently
Rybolovlev never read The Art of of the Deal –– he so overpaid for this property. It’s almost as if he made about a $50,000,000 gift to Trump! Trump says he never met him.

There are a lot of good people in this country doing a lot of good and imaginative work. One such person is David Kay Johnston, who, among other investigatory activities, keeps track of where various gazillionaires, like the fertilizer king, travel on their private jets.

                                                                                to be continued tomorrow




March 3, 2017

In a Washington Post piece a lawyer argues that an independent 9/11-style commission would be preferable to appointing a special prosecutor for investigating the Trump campaign’s Russian involvement. Apparently an investigation by a special prosecutor works like a grand jury investigation, its findings kept secret unless they emerge in the course of a trial after an indictment. The author speculates that because sources in Russia could not be successfully subpoenaed, indictments are unlikely even if newsworthy politically consequential nefarious doings are exposed. The question is probably moot. The Republican-controlled Congress is bent on pretending that Trump has nothing to hide.



March 2, 2017


America in Peril


Almost all politicians would say that the U.S. Constitution, as amended, is a magnificent document. In establishing three co-equal and independent branches of government, the founders set in place checks and balances of power that provide a strong bulwark against what they most feared –– tyranny. As has often been noted, however, the Constitution is a piece of paper. Its vitality, its efficacy, is dependent to a substantial degree on the honesty, good will, and patriotism of those who swear to uphold it, patriotism, of course, having nothing to do with doctrines such as “America First,” but with commitment to the ideals the Constitution reflects.

Thus, if a president is elected who shows every indication of being unbalanced, dishonest, ignorant, mean, narcissistic, and desirous of converting our country into an autocracy, members of the other branches of government have a duty to check him, to thwart his ambition to be above the law. Thus far during Trump’s term in office, the Republican-controlled Congress has shirked this duty in a number of instances, most egregiously, in my opinion, in refusing to appoint an independent prosecutor with full investigatory powers to expose to daylight the business and political relationships and dealings of Trump and his associates with the Russian government and Russian business interests prior to and after the election.

Once again, as Lincoln said 155 years ago, “We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best hope on earth.”




March 1, 2017


Trump and Russia

Monday night, February 27th, Rachel Maddow devoted most of her attention to Trump’s involvements with Russia. She dwelled on too many interlocking and curiously related events and circumstances to recount here -– I highly recommend viewing her MSNBC podcast for that date. No fire is visible, but smoke rises from so many guns that I was left choking and gasping by the end of her show.

It’s established that many billions of shadily-obtained funds of Russian oligarchs have been money-laundered –– secreted about the world in all manner of tangible and intangible assets.  Among those abetting this process was Deutsche Bank, which, in connection with such activities, recently had to pay a $650,000,000 fine to settle an action brought by the U.S. Justice Department. The Russian government was so shocked by Deutsche Bank’s behavior that they fined that company $5,000.

There are indications that some money laundering may have involved Donald Trump. Russia doesn’t like oligarchs who are out of favor with Vladimir Putin, and it appears that long before the recent presidential campaign Russian intelligence agencies were trying to learn whether Trump was involved in oligarchs illicitly secreting cash abroad.

It is odd, certainly, that Trump made an unfathomably large profit on the sale of a moldy mansion in Palm Beach to the Russian “fertilizer king,” an intimate associate of Putin and probably the next richest Russian after Putin himself. 

A lot more stuff like this was revealed during this exceptionally content-rich hour. One of several items I found of particular interest was that a former Deutsche Bank CEO took as job as CEO of a Bank of Cyprus, a notable processor of unknown amounts of money of unknown origin, and that one of the vice-chairmen of this bank is the aforementioned Russian fertilizer king, and another vice-chairman is our newly installed Secretary of Commerce, Trump’s old friend and business associate, Wilbur Ross. 

A lot of people, especially one of them, would be inconvenienced if these matters were adequately investigated.




February 28, 2017

confirmation bias.

A great number of studies have established that humans tend to have a bias in favor of what they already believe. If people encounter two news stories, one that cites evidence that supports their pre-existing beliefs and the other that tends to counter them, they will be much more likely to give credence to the one supporting their pre-existing beliefs. People tend to discount contrary evidence and accept supporting evidence. The result is that pre-existing convictions are confirmed, in fact strengthened.

Not only that, people get a good feeling ––a little buzz –– when their beliefs are seemingly confirmed. If they meet in groups, hearing others say the say the same things they think confirms them in their convictions even more. People become surer and surer that what people with contrary beliefs say simply isn’t isn’t true. In many cases, documenting facts to someone who is heavily confirmed in their bias has no effect! No wonder politics have become so polarized!

This is a big problem.




Feb 27, 2017

Copy of letter sent today to Congressman Scott Tipton:

Like most people in our Congressional District, including many Republicans and Independents, I am appalled by Trump’s behavior and by his alt-right inner circle of advisers, their rhetoric, and their aims. Most Republican members of Congress have serious misgivings about Trump, but they see him as a means of implementing the conservative agenda. It’s a Faustian bargain. Trump wants to rule America the way Putin rules Russia, and he will succeed if he’s not stopped.

It’s already established that the Russians interfered in the presidential election campaign, working to tilt the balance in favor of Trump. The Senate and House Intelligence Committees are conducting separate investigations of the Trump campaign’s dealing with Russians prior to and after the election. Although the investigation is nowhere near complete, the White House asked Richard Burr, Chairman of the Senate Committee, and Devin Nunes, Chairman of the House Committee, to contact reporters and assure them that nothing of any substance would be found. Burr and Nunes both complied with this request!

Here we are confronted with a bald-faced abrogation of duty to conduct an independent investigation. If there was ever any doubt about the need for independent investigation of this grave matter, there isn’t now. Are you content with an investigation led by chairpersons who have shown their willingness to do Trump’s bidding, or do you agree with Republican Representative Darrell Issa that a special prosecutor should be appointed to investigate relations between Trump’s campaign and Russian official?

I will much appreciate your reply.




February 26,  2017

Trump: “The media is the enemy of the American people.”

Roger Cohen (New York Times op-ed): “‘Enemy of the people’ is a phrase with a near-perfect totalitarian pedigree deployed with refinements by the Nazis, Stalin and Mao. For Goebbels, writing in 1941, every Jew was ‘a sworn enemy of the German people.’ Here the “people” are an aroused mob imbued with some mythical essence of nationhood or goodness by a charismatic leader. The enemy is everyone else."




February 25, 2017

Robert Reich: We’re not in a fight between conservatives and liberals or between Republicans and Democrats. “The fight we are engaged in is a fight for democracy against authoritarianism, for inclusion against exclusion, for tolerance against hate, for a fair economy against one rigged by and for those with great power and wealth.”

It is also a fight for truth against lies and obfuscation. Yesterday, Trump banned reporters from The New York Times, Buzz Feed News, CNN, The Los Angeles Times, and Politico from attending a press briefing. He’d like to shut them down.



February 24,  2017

For millions of people who voted for him, Trump can do no wrong. They feed on his lies and outrageous behavior. His utterances and tweets are discredited, but so what. The media is out to get him. Stick it to them, Donald, they say, unaware that he is working against their own interests, for example endangering their health by allowing fossil fuel companies to pollute streams with toxic chemicals and undermining social security, medicare, and medicaid to finance tax cuts for corporations and rich people, which Republicans claim will produce more jobs, but will only make the richer and the poor poorer. The list goes on. They won’t learn about the negative consequences of Trump’s policies from Fox News, Rush Limbaugh, or similar sources, which for many of them is all they think they can rely on. Democrats, meeting this weekend to elect a chairperson of the DNC, must figure out how to knock down the wall that shuts truth out.



February 23, 2017

Letter sent today to Scott Tipton, Representative for the 3rd Congressional District of Colorado:

Dear Mr. Tipton:

I am a resident of Durango and a Democrat. I appreciate that you and I have differing views as to what policies would be best for our country, but I am sure that we think alike that the president of the United States should be held accountable under the Constitution and not be beholden to any foreign power. For that reason, I assume that you must be concerned about longstanding financial involvements of Donald Trump and his close associates with Russia, his lack of transparency in his dealings with regard to Russia, his extolling of the dictator of that country, and his unprecedented refusal to release his tax returns.

Jennifer Rubin, a conservative op-ed columnist for the Washington Post, has a clear-eyed take on Trump. She is not willing to pretend that the emperor has no clothes because it would be convenient to do so in order to advance the conservative agenda. She sees Trump’s massive violations of the emoluments clause for what it is. She proposes that in every congressional district and senate race with an open seat, voters of both parties should insist that their lawmaker pledge to demand:
       (1)  disclosure of Trump’s tax returns for the last 10 years; and
       (2)  an investigation of all foreign monies received, followed by enforcement of the emoluments clause (which precludes Trump receiving benefits such as a trademark from China).

I am confident that a clear majority of voters in our Congressional District would support this demand. I’d like to know if you will make this pledge.

Thank you.




February 22,  2017

Alan Paton was a South African writer and anti-apartheid activist. His celebrated novel, Cry, the Beloved Country was published in 1948, when that country was in the grip of apartheid, and the threat of a civil war hung in the air. Almost miraculously, thanks most particularly to the vitality, wisdom, and courage of Nelson Mandela, a peaceful transition to majority rule was achieved. I never read Paton’s book, but I have often thought of the title, which conveys so much in just four words. It would be apt for a book written by an American today.




February 21, 2017

Michele Goldberg, in a recent article in Slate, speaking of Hillary Clinton, wrote:
“She argued not that Trump was a typical Republican, but that Republicans were better than Trump. She was wrong. Republicans in Congress have watched silently as Trump has shredded American credibility in the world, terrorized immigrants, and flirted with treason. We can now see that there is nothing—not sexual lasciviousness, not corruption, not meddling by foreign adversaries—that Republicans abhor more than they abhor Democrats, nor anything they value above power.”


That says it well. GOP, of course, stands for “Grand Old Party.” How American that sounds. How traditionally conservative. That GOP no longer exists. What’s happening now is a struggle for the soul of our country.



February 20, 2017

Nicholas Kristof:  “So while Democrats can gnash their teeth, it’ll be up to Republicans to decide whether to force Trump out. And that won’t happen unless they see him as ruining their party as well as the nation.”

Kristoff’s comment goes to the heart of the matter. All, or nearly all, Republican members of Congress are content to let Trump ruin our country.




February 19, 2017

Trump: “The media is the enemy of the American people.”

Robert Reich: Fifteen Signs of Impending Tyranny:

# 3. Publicly criticize anyone who criticizes them, labeling them “enemies.”

# 4. Turn the public against journalists or media outlets that criticize them, calling them “deceitful” and “scum.”




February 18, 2017

A couple of days ago, I finished reading Nick Lane’s fascinating book Life Ascending –– the Ten Great Inventions of Evolution. The author is an evolutionary biochemist at University College London. You can guess what some of the inventions of evolution have been. Others might surprise you. One, of course, was the eye, an organ proponents of intelligent design like to argue required a divine creator. Lane explains how hundreds of thousands of minute improvements, starting with cells in primitive animals that were slightly sensitive to light, produced our highly developed sense of vision. Future great inventions will increasingly include ones devised by humans. Alteration in the human genome will reduce the risk of many diseases. The human life span may be radically increased.


February 17, 2017


There’s a lot we don’t know about Trump’s relationship with Putin-ruled Russia, but among the things we know is that, for years, Trump and some of his closest associates have had extensive business entanglements with Russia and that Trump has expressed admiration for Putin, expressed approval of Putin’s annexation of the Crimea, indicated a willingness to relax sanctions against Russia, and expressed doubts about the utility of NATO.

We also know that Russia worked in various ways to undermine Clinton and support Trump prior to the election and that election officials in the Trump campaign were in touch with Russian officials both before and after the election. 

These are bold-face dots, and there are others, and they all connect, meaning it’s reasonable to conclude that Trump collaborated with Russia to influence the outcome of the election in his favor. If he did, it would be a far more serious crime than the Watergate break-in that forced Nixon out of office.

The situation calls for an independent investigatory commission with full subpoena powers. Anything less is acquiescence in our country’s transition to a fascist state. It's evident that the Republican leadership thinks this is fine.




February 16, 2017

My 86th birthday today. Thanks to good diet, good exercise, and good luck, as far as I know, I’m in good shape. I’ve noticed that, whatever age I’ve been, ten years older seems very old and ten years younger seems very young. Yes, odd as it may seem, 76 seems quite youthful to me. I didn’t feel that way when I was 66. Then 76 looked ancient. More ancient even than 60 seemed when I was 50.

When I was about 66 and had a checkup, my doctor, who was a good deal younger than I, asked me how old I was, and when I told him, he said with a grin, “Getting up there.” He hardly knew the least thing about getting up there. Now I’m at the age where most of the people I know are dead, and most of the people whom I knew best and who are still alive I’ll never see again. No matter. I don’t feel much resemblance between me and who I was when I knew them.

Oh oh, I’m rambling.




February 15, 2017

Traveling today, but keeping this thought in mind ––

“Fight against the normalization of the unacceptable.”
                                              Christiane  Ananpoor



February 14, 2017

Why are so many of the rich and super rich so greedy and don’t give a damn about anyone else?

I got a good idea of the reason for this from reading Jane Mayer’s Dark Money –– The Hidden History of the Billionaires behind the Rise of the Radical Right. Her book focuses most intently on the Koch brothers, the richest and most influential of the bunch. It’s characteristic of these people to have great suspicion of government. They tend to think of government as a socialistic monster that burdens them with onerous and impossibly complicated laws and regulations that sap creativity and innovation and drain resources. That would be bad enough, but then they are hit with outrageous taxes. No wonder most of the richest have to funnel lots of income through offshore tax schemes. That’s some help, but do you know how much lawyers charge to set these things up? And what the real estate taxes are on a modest twelve-room retreat in Aspen or the Hamptons? We’re being taxed to death. If we could get our taxes cut by a decent amount, we could invest a lot more in job-creating businesses, which is what America needs, and liberals, whether they be outright or closet socialists, don’t want. Let me tell you –– socialism is a constant threat, and we’ve been steadily drifting rapidly towards it. The danger was laid out a long time ago in a book titled The Road to Serfdom.

Q-  What about the large number of people living in poverty? What about all those unable to get educational opportunities, and so have no chance of lifting themselves up and achieving something approaching the American dream? What about the people struggling with student debt or crippling health care expenses? What about-

A- Let me tell you  –– most of these people could pull themselves up if they made the slightest effort. There’s nothing standing in their way, but most of them like doing nothing. They enjoy living off the government without having to lift a finger. Sure I’m rich  –- but I worked for it. I’m sick of these freeloaders who keep trying to get a handout. Watch your wallet, friends. There are lot of people trying to grab it right out of your hand.

The right-wing rich and super rich really feel that way. No wonder they’re indignant about it.




February 13,  2017

The psychology of the right wing rich and super rich

Why do these people habitually act in ways that are detrimental to the public interest, for example acting to oppose or eviscerate laws and regulations limiting the amount of toxic chemicals that can be released into the air or into lakes and streams, ones aimed at keeping banks and related institutions from repeating practices that led to the financial crisis and the great recession in 2008, and ones enabling more people to have access to adequate health health care?

These right wing rich and super rich I’m talking about don’t need the money. One would think that having inherited or attained great wealth, or inherited great wealth and increased it a lot more, they would realize that they won’t get happier by accumulating extra tens of millions or billions, as the case may be. Why wouldn’t what would make them happier be slowing global warming, or improving health conditions throughout the world, or supporting measures to help people in disadvantaged situations, or improve work opportunities, or reduce child poverty? Some billionaires, like Bill and Melinda Gates, have such desires and work to achieve them, but most of the rich and super rich don’t give damn about such things. Why are they that way? I’ll suggest some reasons tomorrow.



February 12, 2017

In my blog yesterday, referring to a statement Trump made the other day in New Hampshire, I wrote. “It was just another bald-faced lie that we’ve become accustomed to hearing from Trump, one among such a multitude that it may be that no one has kept count of them.”

This speculation –– that no one has kept count of them –– was wrong! Hours later, scrolling on Facebook, I read this headline:

The complete list of all 57 false things Donald Trump has said as president ––The {Toronto} Star’s running tally of the bald-faced lies, exaggerations and deceptions the president of the United States of America has said, so far.

Congratulations, Toronto Star on your meticulous work! As noted, the Star’s list is limited to false things Trump has said (lies he has told) as president. Of course the list of lies he has told since his election would be much longer.




February 11, 2017

The other day Trump spoke in New Hampshire to a group that included a number of senators. State senators? U.S. Senators? The reports I’ve read didn’t say. In any case, Trump said that he would have won New Hampshire in the election last fall and former Senator Ayotte of that state would have been reelected had Democrats not bussed in thousands of illegal voters for the occasion, a claim that no one believes and for which not a shred of evidence has been put forth.

There is basically not much noteworthy about this. It was just another bald-faced lie that we’ve become accustomed to hearing from Trump, one among such a multitude that it may be that no one has kept count of them. Nor was it so preposterous that it stood out from others –– it was just another example of how Trump behaves. Get used to it.

Evidently that’s what people are doing. So many are getting used to it, that no one one at this gathering shouted, “Excuse me, Mr. President, that’s a lie,” or, “How can you say that, sir? There’s not the slightest evidence for such a claim,” or “Sir, why do you have to lie, lie, lie, almost every time you open your mouth?”

Shouting out like this would have broken protocol. It would have shown a lack of respect for the president of the United States!

If this country is going to survive as a democracy, everyone has a duty to show no respect for the president on occasions when he deserves no respect. We must never stop calling a lie a lie. Instantly, the moment we’re aware of it! Otherwise, we’ll all be drowned in a sea of alternative facts.



February 10, 2017

No less appalling than Trump himself are almost all his cabinet appointees and, with them or close behind, members of the Republican-controlled Congress, led by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, marching lockstep with the reckless, ignorant, mendacious, mean-spirited, incompetent, hyper-egotistical, mentally unstable caricature of a statesman mocked by nearly all of them a year ago; marching lockstep now after their relentless obstructionism during the Obama years reaching its apotheosis stonewalling Merrick Garland’s nomination.



February 9, 2017

“There is not in the world a more ignoble character than the mere money-getting American, insensible to every duty, regardless of every principle, bent only on amassing a fortune, and putting his fortune only to the basest uses. . . Such a man is only the more dangerous if he occasionally does some deed like founding a college or endowing a church, which makes  those good people who are also foolish forget his iniquity.” 
                                                                          Theodore Roosevelt

I’m thinking of you, Charles and David Koch



February 8, 2017

Al Franken:  “I voted against the nomination of Betsy DeVos, a billionaire Republican donor, because she is the most incompetent cabinet-level nominee I have ever seen.”

The failure of all but two Republican senators to oppose public schools enemy #1 (Betsy DeVos) lays bare what little regard these people have for anything but money, power, and party influence: The hell with the public school system: the masses are more malleable if they aren’t too well informed. Besides, about twenty of these senators might be thinking: Betsy contributed generously to my campaign; I’d like to be able to count on her for the next one.

There’s scarcely a Republican senator or representative, if any, who shows evidence of grasping that Trump and his cabal are a mortal danger to American Democracy. Will enough of them wake up in time to save us? Maybe a lot of them are already awake, but happy to go along for the ride.




February 7, 2017


From an expert observer of Trump's role model:


“The point of modern propaganda isn’t only to misinform or push an agenda. It is to exhaust your critical thinking, to annihilate truth.”
                                                                            Gary Kasparov



February 6, 2017

To get relief from week after week of Trumpian affronts, I tried to remove myself a couple of millennia by reading SPQR – a History of Ancient Rome, by Mary Beard. It’s an outstanding book, but not good for escape reading, as the following demonstrates:

“Electioneering in Rome could be a costly business. By the first century BCE it required the kind of lavish generosity that is not always easy to distinguish from bribery. . . it was the events of 133 BCE that crystallized the opposition between those who championed the rights, liberty and benefits of the people and those who, to put in their own terms, thought it prudent for the state to be guided by the experience and wisdom of the 'best men' (optimi), who in practice were more or less synonymous with the rich. . .”   pps 28, 227.


February 5, 2017


Here are Democratic senators who voted to stop restricting coal companies from polluting streams with debris from their operations. These senators all come from Red states. They are afraid of coal companies propagandizing against them. It’s tough being a Democrat from a Red state. Some people have decided they have to be as socially irresponsible as Republicans to stay in office. They don’t seem to realize that bigger stakes involved.

McCaskill  (D) MO
Heitcamp   (D)  ND
Mamchin   (D)  WV



February 4, 2017


Vox reported that on Thursday, the Senate voted 54-45 to repeal the stream protection rule that deterred coal companies from dumping mining debris in streams. The House already approved this measure, so as soon as Trump signs it coal companies will be free to pollute water supplies considerably more than they do already.

This step is not going to reinvigorate the coal industry, but it will be bad for a lot of peoples’ health. It will cause many to die sooner than they would have otherwise. It’s no less a criminal act even though no one will be prosecuted for it.

A conclusion to draw from this report is that 54 U.S. senators are unscrupulous, including at least three Democrats.




February 2 /3,  2017



Traveling today, so I’m late on today’s blog, and it will serve for tomorrow’s blog as well. I’ve gotten to be a regular watcher of Robert Reich’s 12-minute-or-so daily podcast titled “The Resistance Report.” It’s available on Facebook weekdays beginning at 8 p.m. E.S.T. / 5 p.m. P.S.T. I strongly recommended it. 



Reich is immensely knowledgeable and experienced and speaks with absolute clarity about what’s going on in our country and how we must be clear-headed and active if we are to avoid succumbing to an aspiring tyrant. Most of what he discusses is distressing, but listening to him is a bracing experience nonetheless, because he has a noble spirit, speaks without rancor, and makes sense. His goal, simply, is to to restore sane and decent government our country. It’s a high calling. All of us are in great peril as long as Trump is in the White House.



February 1, 2017

Under the Republican Tent

A principal constituency of the Republican Party comprises the aspiring to be rich and already rich whose principal goal, in each case, is to get rich or get even richer and think their chances of doing so will be improved if their taxes are lowered and business regulations are removed. Another constituency comprises Christian fundamentalists or quasi fundamentalists who overlook the plutocratic-favoring and oligharcic-tilting nature of GOP policies because they believe that banning abortions, discouraging contraception, and opposing gay marriage are higher priorities for Christians than tolerance, fairness, and compassion. Other constituencies include people obsessed by gun rights, xenophobes, militarists, racists, and generally decent people credulous of right wing propagandizing. It is an unholy alliance, but it has paid off. Democrats must unite, and must fight to counter the disastrous consequences of continuing Republican control of our government.


January 31, 2017

Headline: “In Canada, Justin Trudeau Says Refugees Are Welcome”

Bad news. As soon as refugees arrive in Canada, they’ll start streaming south across the border!

To our dear leader, Trump: Please, we need a wall along the Canadian border much more than along the Mexican border! It’s an alternative fact that our border with Mexico is longer than our border with Canada, but it’s a true fact that our border with Canada is longer, so the wall along the Canadian border will cost a lot more, but who cares?  Canada will pay for it, right?


January 30, 2017

Posted by Robert Reich this morning:

“President Donald Trump has reorganized the National Security Council—elevating his chief political strategist, Steve Bannon, and demoting the director of national intelligence and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Bannon will join the NSC’s principals committee, the top inter-agency group advising the president on national security.

“Political strategists have never before participated in National Security Council principals meetings, because the NSC is supposed to give presidents nonpartisan, factual advice.

“Meanwhile, the director of national intelligence and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff will now attend meetings only when “issues pertaining to their responsibilities and expertise are to be discussed . . .”

Steve Bannon is the cruder-even-than-Trump, anti-semitic, Alt-right, white nationalist-friendly propagandist who recently said the media should “Shut up."

No further evidence is required that Trump is mentally and morally unfit to be president. Members of Congress, before it’s too late, come to the aid of your country: impeach Trump.

January 29, 2017

Dark Money -–– the Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right, by Jane Mayer.

This is a superb account of how two of the richest people in the world, the famous brothers Charles and David Koch, and their super rich allies and acolytes built a vast propagandizing and money-dispensing network for the purpose of influencing legislation and electing and maintaining in office politicians who would carry out their plutocrat-friendly agendas. Mayer quotes an observer who called the Kochs “deeply passionate,” “disciplined,” and “ruthless,” a judgment nothing in the book contradicts.

The work of the “Kochtopus” has contributed greatly to transitioning our country from a democracy to an oligarchy, a process which, with the installation of Trump as president, is virtually complete.

Can America be saved? Those who live long enough will find out.


January 28, 2017

It’s not good to have a sociopath be president of the United States, but that is what has happened. He has obtained tremendous power, and we can expect that he will exploit every possible means to expand it. Concerned only with his own glorification, he will be a destructive force in world affairs. Like-minded sociopaths, even if they don’t like him, will try to help him achieve his goals as long as they think it’s in their own self-interest. It will take courage and commitment on the part of a lot of people, and some luck, to get rid of this man in four years.


January 27, 2017

Psychopaths and Sociopaths

It’s useful to distinguish between psychopaths and sociopaths. Psychopaths take pleasure in harming others. Sociopaths usually don’t take pleasure in harming others, but in the course of pursuing their goals they are indifferent to whether they harm others. They lack compassion. They lack a conscience. They have a natural talent for the art of the con.

How can you recognize a sociopath? It’s not always easy. Psychopaths usually get into serious trouble. Eventually they are likely to be stopped from perpetuating their behavior. Sociopaths sometimes get into trouble, they they are harder to identify as malefactors. They tend to be clever and manipulative. They lie when they think it’s to their advantage to lie and tell the truth when they think it’s to their advantage to tell the truth.

Sometimes it’s easy to identify a sociopath, for example  (one out of dozens available), when a president says that when we invade a country (ostensibly for some noble reason, of course), we shouldn’t leave without taking their oil. How easy to tell a sociopath can you get?

It can be useful to be a sociopath. It’s convenient to not care about anyone else but yourself. Sociopaths often rise to high positions in their fields. Martha Stout, a Harvard psychologist, lays all this out in her book The Sociopath Next Door. She estimates that one in twenty-five people are sociopaths. A psychiatrist of my acquaintance told me he thinks that’s a good guess. Lately, I’ve been thinking it’s too low. You’re probably personally acquainted with at least one sociopath, and it’s certain you know of some who are prominent in public life.


January 26, 2017

An article in Slate makes a good point: Trump conned a lot of people into voting for him. People who have been fooled don’t like to admit it, even to themselves. When it becomes evident that, contrary to his promises, Trump’s actions have made them worse off, most of his supporters, instead of turning against him, will lay the blame elsewhere. Trump will strenuously encourage them to do so: It’s the corrupt media’s fault, or the long-term effect of Obama’s policies, or whatever scapegoat he can think of and exploit.

Democrats will be hard pressed to make gains in 2018 elections no matter how despicably Trump behaves. Everyone of good will must work to expose him for what he is –– an aspiring tyrant.


January 25, 2017

News report: Tump and members of his coterie speak as if it’s assured that he’ll win a second term in 2020. Consider that alongside Trump’s insistence that three to five million votes were cast illegally in last fall’s election; that otherwise he would have won the popular vote, a claim which is a total fabrication.

Fast forward to November 2020. Suppose, as is very possible, Trump loses that election by only a few dozen electoral votes and by margins of a few tens of thousands votes in key swing states. It takes no great powers of prophesy to know that he will claim he was defeated because of illegal voting and will refuse to vacate office until officials in key states conduct “proper” balloting and expunging of illegal votes and various investigations are carried out. Meanwhile, his right-wing billionaire backers and accomplices are horrified at the thought that the Democratic candidate, who is much more progressive than Hillary, will be installed in office if the election isn’t overturned.

Democrats take the case to the Supreme Court. Will the Court rule against Trump? Or issue a ruling that will leave the issue unsettled? Will it even take the case? Will Justices Ginsburg and Breyer still be on the Court? How many right-wing ideologues will have been added to the Court during the next four years?


January 24, 2017

Lately, I’ve scrolled past some Wall Street Journal ads on Facebook proclaiming that it’s America’s most trusted newspaper.

The WSJ does some excellent reporting, but its editorials and opinion pieces are overwhelmingly in line with right wing big money propagandizing.

WSJ slanting creeps into its headlines, for example: “White House Disputes Inauguration Attendance Estimates, Despite Evidence to Contrary.”

Sounds kind of balanced, doesn’t it?  Surely, in "disputing," the White House presented evidence too. Well, no it didn't.

I would view the WSJ as more trustworthy, if it had injected clarity into the above  headline:  Either of these would be more accurate:

“Trump’s Lie about Inauguration Attendance Swiftly Exposed.” 
“Trump’s “Alternative Facts” Exposed as Fiction.”


January 23, 2017

“Wealth begets power, and power begets wealth.”

Satisfying for some people, but a vicious circle for nearly everyone else.


January 22, 2017

Trump, on his first full day in office:  “I have a running war with the media.”

Ezra Klein:  “Trump’s real war isn’t with the media. It’s with the facts. . . Trump needs to delegitimize the media because he needs to delegitimize the facts.”

From Robert Reich’s 15 Warning Signs of Impending Tyranny:  As tyrants take control of democracies, they typically: . . .  #4. “Turn the public against journalists or media outlets that criticize them. . .”


January 21, 2017

The ritualistic trappings of the inauguration yesterday, including most media commentary, gave the impression that this was an ordinary transition from an outgoing president to a newly elected one. In fact, it was an inflection point in an unfolding crisis orders of magnitude greater than any since the Civil War. Then we had Lincoln. Now we have a travesty of a statesman whose almost every utterance is revelatory of a gross narcissistic personality disorder.

Barring unforeseen events, in 2020, the Democratic Party will nominate a candidate to run against this man. We have no idea who this candidate will be, except that he or she will not be named Clinton. We do know that in the course of that year there will be rancorous debates, soaring promises, bitter accusations, and multitudinous tweets, and we know, almost to the point of certainty, that if Trump loses the election, he’ll claim that it was rigged against him, that it was illegitimate, and he will not recognize it. What will the composition of the Supreme Court be in November 2020? Will it matter?


January 20, 2017

“Fight against the normalization of the unacceptable.” Christiane  Ananpoor


January 19, 2017

Is it any surprise that Trump seeks a cabinet of greedy billionaires, sociopaths, and off-the-wall incompetents? Hillary take note: this is what a real basket of deplorables looks like.

It would take just three principled Republican senators to join with Democrats in rejecting confirmation of most of this disgraceful bunch. I'd begin with the Dept. of Justice nominee, who doesn't believe in voting rights, then move on to the EPA nominee, who is indifferent to protecting the environment, then on to the Education nominee, who wants to cripple public education, then on to the Interior nominee, who wanted to abolish that department, though he couldn't remember its name, then on to the Secretary of State nominee, who is soaked morally in oil. Three Republican senators with consciences could brake our slide to fascism. Will any even peep?


January 18, 2017

I recently finished reading Nick Lane’s book The Vital Question –– Energy, Evolution, and the Origins of Complex Life. The author is a biology professor at University College London.

I had thought that it was extremely difficult for life to get started, but that once it did, then, thanks to Darwinian evolution, it’s off to the races. Apparently I was wrong on both counts. Professor Lane argues that the simplest forms of life can arise readily in alkaline hydrothermal vents on the sea floor, and indeed did so on Earth within half a billion years of its formation. These earliest organisms consisted of bacteria and archaea, simple prokaryotic cells that through lateral gene transfer can proliferate into a multitude of variants, but except in extremely rare instances can’t evolve into complex cells (eukaryotes) capable of evolving into the multitudes of macroscopic multicellular plant, animal, and fungal organisms we’re familiar with. It took two billion years after bacteria and archaea appeared for complex cells to join them.

Lane’s analysis suggests that simple life forms (prokaryotes) are very common in the universe and probably exist elsewhere in our own solar system. Complex life forms (eukaryotes), even as simple as single-celled animals, such amoebas, are very much more rare. Life forms that will wave back at us when we wave at them are rarer by orders of magnitude more.

There’s a lot in this book to ponder. One example: Lane says, “I defy you to look through a microscope at a cell from a mushroom and a cell from a human and tell which is which.”


January 17, 2017


I have a Facebook page. I never intentionally put anything on it, but if I go to my Facebook bookmark and scroll down, I see a succession of postings. Some of these are of relatives and actual friends. I don’t know whether I see all their postings or just some of them. Sometimes a list of Facebook friends, or quasi friends, appears on the side, including a few I don’t even know. At some point Angela Merkel and Justin Trudeau began posting–– I must have clicked that I like them. Lately, I’ve been seeing posts from Mark Zuckerberg. He seems like a good fellow. You don’t even have to click on his name to become his friend.

Over the past year, I’ve been seeing increasing numbers of posts from famous liberals and progressives, among them: Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders, Amy Klobuchar, Al Franken, Bill Maher, Bill Moyers, and Robert Reich, who incidentally is doing great work leading the peaceful resistance against Trump. I guess Facebook must have figured out that I was a liberal / progressive type and so would enjoy seeing what these folks had to say. This is true, but lately the volume has increased, and it seems I can keep scrolling and scrolling without seeing all the postings since I last checked, so I begin to think about how I’m spending too much time on this, and I quit. Furthermore, Facebook has been slipping in more ads. Checking Facebook posts is getting close to being a net waste of time.

Although I don’t initiate posts, I sometimes comment on posts of others.  Recently I saw one I thought was so significant that I clicked on “share.” I’ve done this before. Each time, I'm informed that this had been added to my “timeline,” which, I suppose, when concluded, will consist of birth, “shares,” and death.


January 16, 2017

“I look to a day when people will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”  Martin Luther King Jr.

That will be a great day, Dr. King. Meanwhile, thinking ahead to this Friday, how should a man be judged whose character is content-free?


Janurary 15, 2017

Consider the relationship between Exxon under the leadership of the secretary of state nominee, Rex Tillerson, and the ruling family of Equatorial Guinea. This country, only a little larger than Vermont, is rich in oil. It has the largest income per capita in Africa; yet its people are among the most impoverished in the world. Exxon takes the oil, and the ruling family and gets richer beyond rich, year after year. Checking Wikipedia, I learned that less than half of the population has access to clean drinking water, 20% of children die before reaching the age of five, the government has one of the worst human rights records in the world, and the country is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.

None of this seems to bother Rex Tillerson, but you and I know it’s not right. Is it morally defensible to acquiesce in the present arrangement? Shouldn’t all Equatorial Guineans have some share of the money that flows into their country as its oil flows out? Should the secretary of state of the United States be someone who doesn’t give a damn?


January 14, 2017

The Senate rejected a bill that would permit prescription drug imports from Canada even though safety standards are as high in Canada as in the United States and this change would lower average costs for obtaining these drugs. Most, but not all, Republican Senators voted against the bill. Thirteen Republicans voted for it. It would have passed with ease, had not twelve Democratic senators voted against it, all or most of them recipients of campaign financing from the pharmaceutical industry. The Democratic Party likes to project itself as the party for the people, unlike the Republicans, the party of the big business. Generally, Democratic policies are far more progressive than Republican policies, but as long as so many Democratic politicians appear to be on the take just as much as Republicans –- as long as people think, “Oh, they’re all alike” ––Democrats are likely to remain shunted off to the sidelines.


January 13, 2017

A lot of Trump supporters who don’t have particularly high regard for him still have faith that somehow he’ll shake things up, make things better for America. No matter bad his behavior, it’s okay, because he’s the breath of fresh air this country needs. And they enjoy the way Trump keeps goading the liberal politicians and media. They scoff at claims that his policies will work against the interests of most people who supported him.

Democrats may just have to wait until the terrible consequences of Trump’s election actually happen. Even then it won’t be easy to convince Trump’s legions of followers. Whatever is reported that reflects badly on him, he’ll call fake news, meanwhile putting out a stream of his own real fake news. And he’ll throw a lot of blame in Obama’s direction: Obama messed up the country so much, it may take all eight years of Trump’s presidency to make America great again. A lot of people will believe this.


January 12, 2017

Many people who voted for Trump were either misled about, or simply ignorant of, the effect his policies and behavior would have on themselves and on the country. Keeping as much of the public as ignorant and confused as possible is a high priority for Trump and his political allies. They have various ways of accomplishing this.

Trump’s methodology was on display yesterday in his quasi news conference. He refused to take a question from Jim Acosta, a CNN reporter. “You are fake news!” Trump yelled at him. He called Buzz Feed “a failing pile of garbage.” He called  BBC “another beauty.” His behavior supplied an excellent example of #4 of Robert Reich’s Fifteen warning signs of impending tyranny: “Turn the public against journalists or media outlets that criticize them, calling them “deceitful” and “scum.”


January 11, 2017

At the hearing for confirmation of the nominee for secretary of state this morning, Marco Rubio, to his credit, demanded that Tillerson say whether or not Vladimir Putin is a war criminal –– there's more than ample evidence that he is. Tillerson ducked the question. He had to, given his long history of business dealings with Putin and that his future boss, Trump, is one of Putin's admirers. So it goes, the swamp deepens and overflows.


January 10, 2017

I recently finished reading Damned to Fame, James Knowlson’s definitive biography of Samuel Beckett. Knowlson’s account is extremely detailed, but it’s worth plowing through because, apart from his astonishing literary output, Beckett was such a fascinating man. Among other nuggets in the book is a report of a conversation Beckett’s friend (Dartmouth professor) Lawrence Harvey had with him:

Writing was for him, he said, a question of “getting down below the surface" toward what he described as “the authentic weakness of being.” This was associated with a strong sense of the inadequacy of words to explore the forms of being. “Whatever is said is so far from the experience;” “if you really get down to the disaster, the slightest eloquence becomes unbearable.” In this he was far removed, he maintained, from the approach of James Joyce: “Joyce believed in words. All you had to do was rearrange them and they would express what you wanted.”


January 9, 2017

Robert Reich notes this morning: “Trump exhibits all the characteristics of a sociopath: compulsive lying, lack of shame or remorse, pathological egocentricity and narcissism, desperate need for attention, lack of empathy, short attention span, impulsiveness, and vindictiveness.”

This has been obvious for a long time. What’s almost equally disturbing is that Republican senators, who we should be able to count on to keep Trump under control at least in some respects, have fallen slavishly in line behind him, rushing confirmation of his cabinet appointees without proper vetting for conflicts of interest and other concerns. It would take only a few Republican senators to send a message to Trump that he has been elected president, not king. Senators who fail to do that, if not sociopaths themselves, are sleepwalking and won't likely wake up till it’s too late.


January 8, 2017

Excellent cross-country skiing yesterday at Purgatory, in southwest Colorado. For me, and this may be true for most people, to enjoy skiing at age 85 it’s necessary to (i) eat right, (ii) do 45 minutes of stretches and strength-building and a half hour semi-aerobic activity every day, and (iii) be lucky enough to have escaped having some disease or disability sneak up on you, which can happen no matter how healthy your lifestyle.

It may seem to some that the workout regiment described above is too laborious and time-consuming to be worth the trouble. I don’t find it so, because magically it becomes addictive. Feeling a nagging desire to keep up with your exercise routine is a good addiction.


January 7, 2017

Yesterday heads of our principal intelligence agencies released the declassified report that described the sophisticated propagandistic and cyber attack campaign Putin-ruled Russia directed in an effort to help Trump win the election.

Trump found nothing to be concerned with about this. “There was absolutely no effect on the outcome of the election,” he said. In Trump-truth land that was the conclusion the intelligence agencies reached.

In true truth land there is no question that Putin’s efforts caused an unknown number of people who would have voted for Clinton to vote instead for Trump, and though it can never be proved, or disproved, Putin’s efforts very possibly changed the outcome. 

Trump’s message is that it’s all right for anyone, including foreign dictators, to use illegal means to interfere with our electoral processes, as long as they are acting on his behalf. From Trump's perspective the intelligence agencies acted in an unruly fashion in releasing this report. Once he’s president, he'll try to reform them so they will better serve his needs.


January 6, 2017

A day yet to be determined during the next four years:

Mr. President, I’m sorry to interrupt you while you’re having your hair done, but our intelligence agencies have just confirmed that North Korea conducted a successful test of a MIRV ICBM with a range sufficient to deliver nuclear warheads to continental United States.

Trump.  So, what are they trying? Kim Jong knows he can’t play games with me. I won’t let him.

Yes, sir.  Should I set up a meeting with your security advisors?

Trump:  Draft a tweet. Make it tough.

Yes, sir.  Then, should I - ?

Trump (to hairdresser). Fluff it more in front.


Janurary 5, 2017

Today’s New York Times obituary of the British philosopher, Derek Parfit, says that he “developed a theory of identity that downgraded the notion, and the importance, of an irreducible self — the ‘deep further fact,’ as he called it — in terms not dissimilar to Buddhism.”

This resonates with something I’ve been thinking: that the best revenge against mortality –– better than “living well,” which the old proverb counsels–– may be to shift investment in your ego more away from yourself and more onto the selves of others for whom you have affection, whether or not you know them or not personally, many of whom will outlive you, and are people who tend to spread joy and comfort rather than sorrow and suffering. Your influence, for good or ill, will outlive you. In that sense, you outlive yourself. Your self, if not immortal, is nevertheless much larger than one might imagine.


January 4, 2017

As long as torture is countenanced as a matter of policy of great nations, it’s improbable that the human species will long survive. If a presidential candidate approves of torture under any circumstances, even if he appears to be ideal in every other respect, he should be ruled out. Donald Trump is on record for approving waterboarding, which is clearly a form of torture, and said that he would authorize a lot worse. Trump is unfit to be president for innumerable reasons; his advocacy of torture is number one on my list.

Trump has announced that he will nominate James N. Mattis, a former U.S. Marine Corps general, as secretary of defense. Mattis, as you might expect, is no softie, but, lo and behold, he opposes torture. If he is confirmed as secretary of defense, he should issue a directive forbidding it. If Trump orders otherwise, Mattis should resign, and not quietly. The same is true of anyone in the employ of the United States, whether in uniform or not. It’s a case where to obey orders is a crime against humanity.


January 3, 017

The new year starts off with the Republican-controlled House of Representatives abolishing independent ethics oversight of themselves. They did this against the wishes of their leader, Paul Ryan, who doesn’t like the way it looks bad. It looks bad because it is bad, its purpose being to make corruption hassle free. The vote was taken in secret. The foxes in the hen house don't want people to know who they are.

Update: Three cheers for Zephyr Teachout and others who put the heat on members of the House of Represnetatives and, within hours, shamed them into reversing themselves and reinstating independent ethics oversight. Trump criticized their trying to shield themselves from scrutiny as their first order of business in the new year. (Subtext: try again later when it won't generate such adverse publicity.) Unfortunately, members of Congress worried about scrutiny of their ethical behavior are still in office. It's not as if they suddenly aquired good moral character.


January 2, 2016

It’s worth following Robert Reich’s Facebook postings. Reich is a former Secretary of Labor and is presently a professor at Berkeley. To begin the new year he lists 15 warning signs of impending tyranny. They are chilling to read, and they all apply to Trump.

Democracy in America is In peril. A majority of our citizens voted for Democratic candidates, but Republicans control the government. During the next two years, they will use their power to tilt elections even more toward their candidates. By 2018 it will be even harder for Democrats to regain control of Congress than it was in 2016. By 2020 it could be harder still.

Reich’s warning sign #1 of a tyrant in the making: Exaggerate their mandate to govern –– claiming, for example, that they won an election by a landslide even after losing the popular vote.


January 1, 2017

The new year doesn’t look good, but the future is unpredictable. Surprising good things could happen. Don’t be despairing. Be calm, but active.

Resolutions: I’m all for them. But they should be serious and stuck to. Mine is to write a blog every day and try to make it interesting and thought-provoking. Writing something that I know is publicly accessible puts salutary pressure on me to have it make sense.

I admire people who keep a journal. Some eminent writers, including Joan Didion and Flannery O’Conner, have said that they don’t know what they think until they write it down. We tend to toss off thoughts in conversation –– they spill out of our mouths. Same with tweets and text messages. It concentrates the mind if you put thoughts in writing, read what you wrote, and revise it and review it to make sure what you’ve written is coherent and true to what you really think. Not a bad idea to do this every day.


December 31, 2016

      Sometimes thoughts occur to me that seem significant though they don’t prompt me to make a decision or draw further conclusions. They linger in my mind, however, and are likely to feed into my decision-making process. Here’s one:
     There are a lot of people in the world for whom gaining wealth, power, and admiration is their most important personal goal. For others, personal achievement may be important, but they have a broader goal as well –– they take satisfaction in increasing joy and comfort, and in diminishing suffering and discomfort, of others. The character of most people probably combines these qualities to varying degrees. If you rated everyone, you’d probalby find that distribution is on a fairly standard bell curve. Mabye it's a good idea to rate yourself on this scale, then think about whether that’s where you want to be starting tomorrow, the beginning of a new year. I'll give it a try.

December 30, 2016            

                                       Democracies  >>>>>>  Autocracies

A recent Washington Post Op-Ed article by Miklos Haraszti, a Hungarian author and scholar, provides us with a cautionary lesson. A rising tide of pseudo (unprincipled) populism, drawing support from, and stoking, nativistic, xenophobic, and generally mean-spirited and self-delusional tendencies, has been percolating world-wide. Putin and Putinism is the most lustrous example. The same spirit is responsible for the elevation to high office of such grotesque figures as Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines and Governor Paul LePage in Maine, for increasingly autocratic regimes in Turkey and Poland, for the Brexit phenomenon, for the rising tide of right-wing illiberal populism in France, for Trump, of course, and for the imposition on Hungarians of the proto-fascist rule of Prime Minister Viktor Orban. 

Orban, whom Haraszti defines as a “post-truther,” was duly elected despite having “depicted migrants as rapists, job-stealers, terrorists and ‘poison’ for the nation.” He has since built “a vast fence along Hungary’s southern border.”

Make {insert the name of your country} great again! This rallying cry, emblazoned on a baseball cap for American consumption, is a theme common to proto-fascist demagogues world-wide. Haraszti writes: the “favorite means of communication {of populists} is provoking conflict. . . Personal and family greed, cronyism, thievery combined with hypocrisy are in the genes of illiberal autocracy.”

Trump will do everything he can to increase his power and obstruct the election of any opponent in 2020. Everyone of good will must work to defeat him.


December 29, 2016 

                              Trump and the Propagandist Technique –– Part III

Since the election, Trump and his allies have continued to lie and inject fake news into the public consciousness. Typical was Trump’s claim that two million people illegally voted for Clinton. That this isn’t plausible and can’t be documented is not a problem, as the Propagandistic Playbook makes clear. Embellish. Exaggerate. Repeat. Encourage your supporters to do the same. Keep the lies coming. That’s the Playbook, the only one we know Trump has read.

Free speech and free press present a problem for Trump. We’re still hoping these institutions of American freedom will contain him.  What is our hope has been Trump’s worry. How can he and his allies fight the still vocal elements of responsible media? Lately they’ve come up with an ingenious strategy. Brand responsible traditional media fake: it’s part of an elite liberal conspiracy. Keep putting out big lies and add to them lies about the truth-tellers. Spread confusion, but assure the befuddled people you’ll rescue them from it. The worse confusion gets, the more they need you. It’s not the truth –- it’s Trump that will set you free.

     In his great essay, On Liberty, the 19th Century philosopher John Stuart Mill argued for the free expression of ideas. He said that if all points of view could be heard, the truth would win out. The wisest policy would emerge. The underlying assumption of his essay was that everyone values the truth. One would think so. But great numbers of  politicians despise truth when it does not suit their purposes. What matters to them is money, power, and winning admiration. Truth lovers need to work and fight hard if true truth is to prevail over fake truth.


December 28, 2016

                                 Trump and the Propagandist Method -- Part II


It took a weird combination of phenomena, each highly unlikely, for the catastrophe named Trump to have befallen our country. As his campaign progressed, Trump was aided by the failure of the mainstream independent media to expose him as a charlatan and a fraud, which they could have and should have by sheer recitation and documentation of facts. Instead, eager to heighten suspense and drama, and therefore ratings, they elevated Clinton’s foibles to the same level as Trump’s. Abetting his campaign further was the distorted output of right wing mouthpieces such as Fox News and Rush Limbaugh, the tilting of the scales by the F.B.I Director, and the flooding of fake news from  other sources calculated to discredit Clinton. Then there were Clinton’s stumbles, some quite bizarre, and her inability to come across as authentic. I won’t attempt to be exhaustive. What is important is that even half as an appalling person as Trump would never have been elected had not numerous highly unlikely phenomena come together in a perfect storm of political fate. Now the inauguration approaches, and a new sinister development has occurred.  To be continued.



December 27, 2016


                                Trump and the Propagandist Method -- Part I

Whether they have ascended to power through a military coup, revolution, or more or less democratic processes, it is the universal practice of dictators to employ one or more big lies and a continual stream of smaller lies, the purpose of which is to inculcate the brains of their subjects with notions of reality calculated to impress, intimidate, and control them. Freedom of speech and independent media are serious impediments to this process, which is why dictators suppress them as fast as practical considerations allow until they are shut down completely and public discourse thereafter is subject to scrutiny by censors. For a vivid and timely example of how this works, see Masha Gessen’s book, The Man without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin.

In the course of his campaign Trump adopted this proven technique without reservation, lying continually about large and small matters. Normally, our Constitutional protection of free speech and the existence of diverse elements of independent media would have resulted in his being drummed off the stage. The coincidence of a half a dozen or more unlikely and unprecedented phenomena allowed him to get away with it.

To be continued.



December 26, 2016

I’ve been looking through the list of Democratic governors and senators, hoping to find an outstanding candidate to pit against Trump in 2020. Of course the best candidate may be someone other than a sitting Governor or Senator. It’s early even to guess who might emerge as the strongest choice. The right candidate will be someone capable of communicating what is important and what is true to prospective voters, so they can become informed enough to vote rationally. Hillary failed to do that, besides being widely disliked, and in 2016 a lot of people voted irrationally. One possible candidate I’m keeping an eye on is Jeff Merkley, the junior Democratic Senator from Oregon. He has an impressive academic background, and, critically important, sound judgment. The other day Merkely said that Trump has the emotional maturity of a five-year old. Bill Maher, known for his excellent judgment, has likened Trump to a toddler. I think Merkley’s judgement is sounder even than Bill Maher’s.


December 25, 2016

Merry Christmas and Happy Hanukkah and all other greetings expressing good will and peace and love. May this spirit prevail over contrary inclinations and aberrations, and happiness abound.


December 24, 2016

Greetings, friends –– it’s Christmas time, a time (like all others) to wish health and happiness to all. I want to write about other things, and soon will, but the orange-haired one is as hard to look away from as an approaching tsunami. In fact, we’d better not.

“Let it be an arms race; we will outmatch them at every pass, and outlast them all,” he said the other day. What about infrastructure building you talked about, and cutting taxes, and reducing national debt? Just talk. It's building bigger nukes that will make America great again.

We may survive. We may yet return him to his towers and palaces four long years from now.


December 23, 2016

Despite nuclear arms reductions over the past few decades, Russia and the U.S. are capable of destroying each other several times over. Nonetheless, Putin says he wants to increase Russia’s nuclear warfare capability, and Trump says that he wants to greatly increase U.S. nuclear warfare capability. The two seem to have forgotten that they are buddies! There was a time when Stalin thought Hitler and he were buddies. Sometimes it happens with people like this: they have a falling out.

Has Trump read William Perry’s book My Journey at the Nuclear Brink? It’s hard even to conceive of such a possibility, much less lay odds on it. Because of this book’s frightening relevance, I’ve copied my August 18, 2016 note on it below:

     Throughout his career as a mathematician, engineer, professor, and executive, in various capacities in and out of Government including as Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Secretary of Defense (1994 -1997), William Perry has worked with unflagging energy to bring high moral commitment, deep technical knowledge, and exceptional negotiating and inter-personal skills to bear in reducing the risk of a nuclear catastrophe. At times during the Cold War, he helped develop technological improvements in U.S. military systems to offset the destabilizing preponderance of conventional forces established by the Soviet Union. At other times, he helped bring about bi-lateral and multi-lateral agreements looking toward reduction of nuclear weapons, delivery systems, and manufacturing capabilities.
     Thanks in part to Perry’s work, when fortuitous circumstances and wisdom of principal actors held sway, steps were taken back from the brink. In particular, dismantling nuclear missiles in Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Ukraine was a tremendous achievement. Unfortunately, more recently, unwise military initiatives on the part of the West, though styled as defensive, had the effect of stoking Russian nationalistic fervor, supplying Putin with fodder for tightening his despotic grip, garnering support for seizing Crimea and border areas of Ukraine, allying himself with the Syrian war crimes criminal, Bashar al-Assad, and despite Russia’s serious economic problems, initiating a military buildup at a rate not seen since the Cold War. We are closer to the brink than we were a decade or two ago.
      For sixty years or more, thousands of ICBMs with nuclear warheads have been positioned throughout the world, targeting cities and military installations under protocols allowing no more than a few minutes in which a decision to launch –– to initiate or participate in the destruction of human civilization –– must be made. Progress toward nuclear disarmament has stalled. We face the prospect of a renewed nuclear arms race with Russia. In east Asia, China’s ruler since 2012, Xi Jinping, has been asserting new territorial claims and building military capability to enforce them; Kim Jong-un has been expanding North Korea’s nuclear arsenal and developing long-range delivery systems; dangerous tensions remain between Pakistan and India, both nuclear armed. The danger is probably increasing that agents of a hostile power or terrorist organization could explode a nuclear device in an American city. So far, we have been lucky. Perry notes, “‘Luck’ is a dishearteningly unreliable deliverer from nuclear conflagrations.”
     My Journey at the Nuclear Brink is absorbing, sobering, poignant, heartwarming, and heartbreaking. How was it that, as I finished it, the name Donald Trump came to mind? A few days ago, George Shultz, former Secretary of Labor, Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of State, all under Republican presidents, one of the most respected statesmen of the past century, now in his nineties, was asked what he thought of the prospect of a Trump presidency. His reply though brief, needs no elaboration: “God help us.”


December 22, 2016

It’s critical for the future of this country that Democrats get their act together. They can hardly begin to get started until the last weekend in February when a chairperson of the Democratic National Committee is elected. Right now, the Party seems somewhat split between the progressive wing, e.g., Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren, both of whom support Congressman Keith Ellison (though he has also been endorsed by centrists Harry Reid and Chuck Schumer) and those, Barrack Obama among them, who support the present Secretary of Labor, Tom Perez. There are some other candidates as well, and a compromise choice might emerge. 

There's no question that tough times lie ahead. Many more Democratic than Republican Senate seats are up for grabs in 2018. By 2020, we can expect that lack of judicial control over voting rights restrictions will have enabled Republican-controlled state governments to have made it even more difficult for citizens likely to vote Democratic to get to the polls and that even more extreme Republican-tilted Gerrymandering will be in place. Democrats have their work cut out for them, and as of the moment, no Democratic presidential candidate of Trump-dumping mettle is visible this side of the future time horizon.


December 21, 2016

On my reading list for 2017 is Jane’s Mayer’s Dark Money, an account, I gather, mainly about how the multi-billionaire Koch brothers have used their tremendous financial power to fight efforts to combat climate change and campaign finance reform, curtail voting rights, strip away environmental protections, increase inequality, and generally steer the country hard right. Many other billionaires are equally lacking in social conscience, but the Koch brothers stand out in the sheer magnitude of assets they possess and in the amount of harm they inflict on American Democracy and upon the environment.

Wise laws would limit the power billionaires have in relation to ordinary people, and, indeed, in relation to mere multimillionaires. But there are no such wise laws in place, and it’s certain they are not going to be enacted while Trump is in power. That’s why it’s time for the good multibillionaires to step up and combat the Kochs and their like. Only good multibillionaires have the financial power to even the political playing field, which has been getting more tilted every year, and with Trump’s ascendency looks as if it will become increasingly vertical year after year until it reaches the angle of a feudal castle wall.

Who are the good multi-billionaires? I’m not knowledgeable enough to provide a list, but I’ll say that I think that Warren Buffet and Bill Gates are decent men. The Gates Foundation, to which Buffet has massively contributed, has done a lot of very important good work around the world, including greatly reducing deaths from malaria. I’m not aware that either of these good multibillionaires have been aggressively active politically. I understand why they haven’t, but American Democracy is in grave peril –– it’s time for them to get in the act. If they don’t, all the good they’ve accomplished is likely to go for nought.


December 20, 2016

Poll: 52% of Republicans think Trump won the popular vote. I’ve seen other data similar to this, evidencing widespread ignorance of basic, indisputable information. A large percentage of people who voted for Trump were misinformed before the election and remain so.

Trump has said repeatedly that he won by a landslide. He wouldn’t say that if he’d gotten 2.8 million fewer votes than Hillary in the election, would he? He wouldn’t if he were an honorable man.

A great number of Trump supporters live in a cocoon of misinformation spun directly or indirectly out of the mouth of Trump. Democrats and the media need to do a much better job of communicating true information to the entire public. It would be nice if Republicans did too.


December 19, 2016

“Greetings, Friends.” Each Christmas time a poem with this title appears in The New Yorker. Ian Frazier’s (Dec. 19 & 26 issue) may be the best ever. Events lately haven’t been of a kind to send one prancing through halls with boughs of holly. Undeterred, this worthy bard composed line after line for us of witty, wise, and loving verse. Take that, despair!


December 18, 2016

To my friend in Barcelona:

Christmas greetings, Ricardo. I assured you some months ago that Trump would not be elected, but, as one of our greatest jurists, O.W. Holmes, Jr., remarked, “Certitude is not the same as certainty.” America risks becoming a fascist state. With a little luck, increasing numbers of citizens will realize that Trump is a fraud and a phony and poses a mortal threat to this country and to the world. Then the tide will turn against him and his ilk, and American democracy will be restored.


December 17. 2016

About this daily blog –– the idea is to make it wide-ranging in subject matter, including notes about my personal life, books I’ve been reading , and on what I have been experiencing or thinking about. So far, I’ve been focused on politics. That’s because I’m dismayed at how America seems to be transitioning from a liberal democracy to a Putinesque state.

Trump is the apotheosis of this trend, but it’s broader than Trump and his proclaimed followers. In the Supreme Court, in Congress, and in state governments, cynical, partisan, anti-democratic practices have been on the rise. Example: the stonewalling by Senate Republicans of Obama’s appointment of Judge Garland to the Supreme Court, a flagrant display of contempt for the Constitution.

 I don’t intend to blog all the time, or even most of the time, about political matters, but they’re shaping up to be foremost topic on my mind.


December 16, 2016

Nearly everyone understands the benefit of vaccines against disease. Trumpism is a potentially fatal disease that has swept across the land. If most Americans had been vaccinated against scourges of this sort, we could have fought Trumpism off. Now we know: before graduating from high school, every citizen should be vaccinated against con artists, charlatans, cult leaders, mesmerists, and the like. Booster shots should be given to guard against notably garish, swaggering, charismatically orange-haired ones.  

How would such a vaccine be formulated? I’d make it a requirement that to graduate from high school you had to have read four particular books. Each book would be the subject of a full-year course, so that even the least academically able students would be able to get a working understanding of it. More able students would also read and report on collateral materials.

My nomination of a book for each high school year:

      Freshman year: Mark Twain: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
      Sophomore year: Eric Hoffer: The True Believer
      Junior year: George Orwell: 1984.
      Senior year: Karl Popper: The Open Society and Its Enemies.


Since we didn’t have such a vaccination program in place, we have to figure out how to save 324,000,000 infected patients.


December 15, 2016

One of the factors that combined with others to produce the electoral calamity of 2016 was that many voters weren’t well enough informed to realize what an extreme danger Trump poses to American democracy and to all humanity.

This lack of awareness on the part of millions of voters was caused by a number of factors, among them (i) propaganda disseminated by Republican politicians and right wing media such as Fox news and the Rush Limbaugh radio show, (ii) Trump’s effective demagogic technique, (iii) elements of the media preferring to improve ratings than practice responsible journalism, (iv) Hillary’s lapses and inability to come across as authentic, (v) the irresponsible (to characterize it charitably) behavior of F.B.I. Director Comey, and (vi) Hillary’s failure, and even President Obama’s failure, and even Bernie Sanders’ failure to draw sufficiently sharp and detailed distinctions between the consequences that would ensue from Trump’s agenda and those that would ensue from Hillary’s.

All these problems, grave and disquieting as they were, would not have been decisive if many more voters had a better understanding of American history and the American political system.


December 14, 2016

The outcome of the recent election reminded me of Sebastian Junger’s book The Perfect Storm, a superb account of how a highly unlikely coinciding of meteorological factors produced the storm of spectacular fury that sunk the fishing boat, Andrea Gail, in 1991, drowning its six crewmen.

Last month, a highly unlikely coinciding of political factors produced the election of a candidate spectacularly unfit to be president.

America has had exceptional good luck throughout its history. This year, as was bound to happen sometime, its luck ran out. We’ll need some luck to come back, along with dedication, courage, and hard work of millions of good people, if we’re to save America from becoming a fascist state.


December 13, 2016

Last night I watched a “Town Hall” conducted by Chris Hayes (MSNBC -- 8:00 P.M. Eastern) in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Bernie Sanders joined a panel of local citizens, some of whom voted for Trump and some who didn’t. (Trump won narrowly in Kenosha this year, whereas Obama beat Romney in 2012 and McCain in 2008.)
I think Hayes’s idea was to get a better understanding of why Trump attracted so much support in a place typical of many cities in states like Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio. Viewers got to see a little of Kenosha, including an immense stretch of leveled land where a factory once stood. Hayes could have cross-examined Trump supporters as to why they thought that their economic situations would more likely improve under Trump than under Hillary and as to how in good conscience they could vote for such a racist, sexist, xenophobic, crude, ignorant, avaricious, and mendacious candidate as Trump, but that would have been counter-productive, coming off as preaching by a liberal, elite, slick-talking, coastal intellectual. What counted was that during the campaign Trump’s message came across in brisk bold face type and Hillary’s in strung-out wonkish verbiage, and that, for many, Hillary hatred and mistrust neutralized Trump’s appalling behavior.

Unemployment in Kenosha is slightly below the national average, but I got the sense that average income and quality of life have fallen. Despite the supposedly low rate of inflation, living expenses, including educational and medical and insurance expenses, are up. These people have been squeezed. They are sick of establishment figures. When it came to voting, they were willing to throw their lot in with someone who “talked straight “and would “shake things up.”

What now?  I’ll save that topic till a future blog, except to say that I heartily agree with Bill Maher’s recent message to Bill and Hillary Clinton: “Thank you for your thirty years of service. Now I don’t want to see either of you again.”


December 12, 2016

“If we learned anything in the 2016 election, it is that a slick charismatic figure can trash the First Amendment, threaten all sorts of unconstitutional actions, incite violence and appeal to naked prejudice with nary a peep from the majority of voters.”
                                                             Jennifer Rubin, Washington Post columnist

Determining why this is true –– how such a person could be elected –– is the first step toward curing the sickness that has come over the land.


December 11, 2016

Donald Trump has a single standard for determining whether an assertion is true or not: if it is in accord with his personal liking, it is true; if it is contrary to his personal liking, it is false. Thus, if the CIA asserts that it has determined that the Russians tried to influence the elections to help Trump, this is false. Not only false, but it reveals that the CIA is run by incompetent, terrible people –– that it will be necessary, no doubt, to clean house.  

Suppose the CIA had asserted that there was no evidence that the Russians tried to help Trump, that this was a rumor planted by biased elements in the media. Such an assertion would be true. Indeed it would reveal that the CIA is run by fine people and that we should be thankful it stands up for the truth. As for the treacherous biased media, it will be necessary, no doubt, to clean house.

If not successfully challenged, this way of confronting reality will lead to heart-breaking and calamitous results.


December 10, 2016

Remember Louis Armstrong’s remark, “If you have to ask what jazz is, you’ll never know.” That’s the way I feel about Trump: If you have to ask why Trump is unfit to be president, you’ll never know. Maybe that’s what Hillary had in mind when she made her self-destructive remark about Trump supporters being “irredeemable.”

This won’t do. We should put our feelings aside. Democrats must avoid falling into the ruinous trap Hillary did by disparaging people who supported Trump. Instead, we need to learn why they came to feel the way they do. Bernie Sanders knows this. That’s why he is conducting a “town hall” in Kenosha, Wisconsin, which will be covered by Chris Hayes on MSNBC Monday night Dec. 12, 8:00 P.M. E.S.T. Romney lost Kenosha in 2012, whereas Trump won by a large margin. I’m looking forward to watching this meeting and getting a better understanding of why Trump attracted so much support.


December 9, 2016

Last evening Rachel Maddow reported on a new poll, in which voters were asked not about which candidate or politician they supported or would vote for, but about certain facts that reasonably informed voters should know the answer to, for example, during Obama’s eight years in office, (1) has the stock market gone up or down? and (2) has the unemployment rate gone up or down?

The great majority of those who voted for Clinton, Johnson, or Stein knew the answers to these questions. A sizable majority of those who voted for Trump did not. They thought that the stock market has gone down and that unemployment has gone up. In fact, the stock market has more than doubled during Obama’s tenure, and the unemployment rate has fallen sharply.

This poll thus revealed a new fact: the majority of those who voted for Trump are strikingly uninformed. This is important, and I will discuss it further in the next few days.


December 8, 2016

Today marks (the sort of) official publication of my memoir, celebrated with a new home page. I didn't intend to be tilted, as shown in this photo. Am I resisting the gravitational pull of the rock mass to my right? Maybe at least psychologically?

 December 7, 2016

Today is a good day to remember that our present danger lies within. “We must fight against the normalization of the unacceptable.” Christiane Amanpour.


Decamber 6, 2016

Rather than posting sporadic blogs, book notes, and personal blogs, I've resolved to post a blog on one topic or another here every day. I'll try not to miss any, though it's not likely I won't.

As for anyone keeping a journal, this project is an exercise in self-discipline, an attempt to ensure that there won't be a day when I don't think, at least a little.

There's more need for self-discipline and thinking now than ever, for we have clearly entered a new age, one that's an odd form of "ocracy," a unique one, in fact. We've pretty much left democracy; we're not quite yet in an autocracy; to a considerable extent we're in a plutocracy. Very defintiely we're in a mockocracy. Most astonishingly we've entered a trumpocracy!

It may take awhile before we know exactly what that is, but we already know it's something we need to exit as fast as we can.


December 5, 2016

Beginning tomorrow, personal blogs, nonpersonal blogs and book notes will all be incorporated under daily blog.

Pub. date of my memoir, most recently scheduled for today, is now scheduled for Dec. 8th.


December 1, 2016

I've decided to combine "blog" and "personal blog" under "personal blog" beginning December 6th, and will attempt to post a blog daily beginning on that date.


Novermber 26, 2016

Still on track for a pub date for my memoir of December 5.

I have no new book project in mind at the moment, but beginnning December 6th I'm going to try to post a mini blog on this website every day. I'll be wide-ranging in subject matter, but I expect my overriding concern will be to make America great again, a project the first step of which, of course, is to turn Trump out of office.


November 14, 2016

Still revising my memoir.  But now it's truly almost finished.


September 23, 2016

I've finished (I think) revising my memoir. With a little luck, it should be published in about a month.

It's been an interesting exercise writing it, and an instructive one too.


March 31 2016

    Working on my memoir of growing up in the 1930s and 1940s, I’ve been questioning how accurate my memories are and to what extent my brain has been subconsciously determining which memories can be recalled and which will be repressed.
     A lot has been written about “false memories.” It has been said that memories are stories we construct in our minds  I think the facts I will be reciting are generally accurate, but, reviewing them, I’ve noticed that I see many events in a different light than I once did. In some instances, I behaved in ways that at the time seemed acceptable, but now appall me. The insights I’ve gained have prompted me to meditate on how life should be lived. I’ll set forth my thoughts on that almost intractable topic in an appendix.

February 16, 2016

      This month I turned 85. From my perspective this is bizarre. I should be 50 –– I can swim a 1,000 yards without stopping, thanks to good diet, good exercise, and very good luck. Fifty is what I should be, though emotionally put together, which then I decidedly was not.
      When you’re as old as I am, you need more good luck every year than the year before, and some year you won’t have it. On the bright side, you can’t die prematurely!
      What does one do at 85? If you can help it, don’t slouch on the couch. Stay engaged. That’s what everyone says. I’m not sure how engaged I am. I feel more like an observer, though maybe an engaged observer, working on my memoir about growing up in the 1930s and 1940s.


December 10, 2015

Lately (by which I mean during the past twenty-five years), my creative efforts have been indulgences. Joseph Campbell would have approved: I followed my bliss. As a result, I produced my best work and had almost no commercial success. 2016 looks to be more of the same. I’ve started writing a a memoir of growing up in the 1930s and 1940s, a period so far back that, if Barbara Tuchman hadn’t pre-empted me, I might title my book, A Distant Mirror. It’s intended to be both a social history and a study of how I became the person I used to be.


October 26, 2015

About forty years ago or so, when I was working in New York, I met a friend for lunch, and he began the conversation by saying, “You’re looking at man whose life is in shards and splinters.” I didn’t say so, but I could have said the same, and not long afterward, I consulted a psychiatrist. He was about ten years older than I and impressed me as being all wise and all knowing. He nodded empathetically as I described my difficulties. There may have been some intervening discussion, but all I remember was that he said, “When I’m feeling that way, I tell myself that in fifty years it won’t matter.”

My initial reaction to this was astonishment. This man appeared to be completely self-assured, emotionally composed, healthy, enjoying his work, making plenty of money, and, by all accounts, he had fine home and family. How could his life ever be in shards and splinters? I’ll never know, but I’ve come to realize it wouldn’t have been impossible.

My next reaction was puzzlement. Is the notion that “it won’t matter” comforting, or is it depressing? Is it true?  Whether it’s true or not depends on the meaning of the word “it.” If “it” doesn’t extend beyond one’s own consciousness, the doctor was right. But shouldn’t a task of psychiatry be to encourage patients to be more attuned to their effect on others? The way you treat others affects them to some degree and may affect how they affect still others, including people you never meet. “It” may have an effect that continues radiating long after your death. For a tiny minority of historically important figures “it” may matter for millennia. 

Will “it” no longer matter after humans become extinct or have evolved so much that no trace of any of us survives? That is surely the case: At some point “it won’t matter,” but that has nothing to do with what matters now.


September 14, 2014

“{T}he animal brain, lacking . . . language, can never rise above the level of unreflective, purely sensory awareness of its world.”  Zoltan Torey, The Conscious Mind  (2014) p. 81, MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series.

      MIT Press would never publish a book by an author who did not have top-flight credentials. Of course many highly regarded experts disagree with each other, and I suspect there are some specialists on consciousness, neurophysiology, zoology, and other disciplines relevant to Mr. Torey’s claim who would disagree with him. From my own reading and observation, I’m sure he is flat-out wrong.
      In considering whether certain higher species of animals have reflective awareness rather than purely sensory awareness, it’s necessary to steer between the twin perils of anthropomorphism and anthropocentrism. The former is the fallacy of assuming the cause of certain animal behavior to be the same as that of similar human behavior. An example is assuming that a squirrel who stores nuts for the winter does so for the same reason a human stores fire wood: imagining that the squirrel is thinking as would a human: “Winter is coming; better get those nuts buried.” In fact, squirrels are hard-wired (genetically programed) to gather and store nuts in the fall.
      Anthropocentrism is the opposite: in this case the fallacy of thinking that if an animal is incapable employing complex language as we do in the course of reflective awareness, than it cannot be capable of reflective awareness. This where I believed Mr. Torey erred.
      Countless numbers of people have experienced instances of animals being reflective beyond mere sensory awareness without exercising linguistic agency. In his new book, Beyond Words –– What Animals Think and Feel, Carl Safina, a marine biologist professionally trained to avoid anthropomorphism, recounts numerous instances among animals of mental capabilities richer than Mr. Torey seems to imagine.
      I’m recording these thoughts under the category of Personal Blog rather than Book Notes because of some encounters I’ve had with dolphins, which reinforce my conclusion. Long ago, about 1950, I was sailing alone in Huntington Bay, Long Island, when dolphins appeared and began swimming along on either side of  my boat. They amused themselves a few minutes by escorting me before vanishing from sight. (In the subsequent sixty years I spent a lot of time sailing in Long Island waters but never saw a dolphin again.) 
      About forty years later I went swimming in Kealakekua Bay on the Big Island of Hawaii. Although the waves surged with considerable force on the narrow beach, beyond the break the waters were barely ruffled, and I had swum out a hundred yards or so, when I found myself surrounded by spinner dolphins. Like their Long Island cousins they were obviously curious about my presence. For them, hanging out with me for a while was an amusing diversion. I had never heard of a dolphin attacking a human, so I wasn’t concerned, but after a while I headed back for shore, whereupon the dolphins dispersed.
      The third incident occurred a few years later in the Florida Keys, when Sara and I visited a place that advertised, “Swim with Dolphins.” Since then, I’ve come to disapprove of confinement of dolphins and whales in tanks or pens, but on this occasion I did “swim with the dolphins.” I put the phrase in quotes, because the humans paying for this experience were in a confined area in which dolphins were also swimming, but the dolphins not only swam much faster; they also showed no interest in in swimming alongside people, much less cozying up to be patted like friendly dogs. I suspect they regarded our presence as an indignity to be suffered at the hands of their jailers.
       I learned nothing else about dolphins by the time our session ended and we humans returned to locker rooms to shed our wet suits and swim fins and refurbish ourselves in sandals, shorts, t-shirts, sun glasses, and baseball caps. For some reason Sara and I were were sluggish, and by the time we stepped out of the bath house, everyone else had left.
       It remained for us to cross a little bridge connecting two sections of the pens. At midpoint I stopped and leaned on railing for a last look just as a single dolphin surfaced close by and with movements of its tail “stood” well out of the water and made eye contact with me for several seconds before it submerged and swam off.
       What motivated such behavior? It wasn’t thinking in human language, but it was thinking, and I had a strong sense what it was thinking: What are you, you strange creature? Why do you do this? Of course it may have been thinking something else, and it wasn’t thinking in words, but I have no doubt it was functioning above the level of unreflective purely sensory awareness.
      We owe animals much better treatment than we give them, a fact that’s been overshadowed by our owing other humans much better treatment too.

August 10, 2015

A Maine snapshot:

Visited friends at their rambling old house on one of those long peninsulas between tidal rivers opening into harbors inhabited by lobster boats and similar craft and when you want to get lobsters for dinner you drive across an ancient wooden bridge with spaces in its supports to let the strong tide wash through without bringing it down or causing an unintentional waterfall to a dock and call out to a lobsterman what you want and he motors his dory in with them; later swam in a cove with only a light slosh of waves and an occasional encounter with a clump of kelp. Maine coast too cold for swimming? Not where we were two hours after high tide, when the water has receded from the rocks enough to reveal a narrow strip of beach, and relatively shallow water has been warmed by the sun. 

June  20, 2015

How To Not Be a Zombie

      In the movie The Invasion of the Body Snatchers aliens get into the brains of humans. Victims appear to be acting in consequence of their own volition, but their decisions are directed by an alien will. They have become zombies.
      Philosophical debate endures between those who believe that we have free will and those who think it’s an illusion and that everything is predetermined. If the latter view is right, we are all zombies. 
      I don’t think that’s the case. I think we at least have the capability of free will, but you don’t have to resolve any deep philosophical questions to show that a lot of people are burdened by psychological constraints on thinking and acting rationally. Their free will has been compromised by harmful embedded emotions. To some extent they have become zombies. For example, a person with low self esteem may shrink from seizing an opportunity because of fear of failure even when there is no basis for it, even when there’s a greater risk of failure if he holds back! That particular harmful embedded emotion is controlling his decision-making. What’s already in his head can be as sinister as if occupied by an alien being.
      It took me a long time to transition from being a zombie in some crucial respects to being a self-willed human. At least, I think I’m a self-willed human. It’s impossible to be sure, because it’s in the nature of a zombie not to know he is one.
      How did I get not to be a zombie (assuming I’m not)? I read some very good books about how the human mind works. That was probably not enough in itself –– acquiring relevant knowledge isn’t certain to produce an epiphany –– but, in my case, reflecting on what I had learned got me feeling uncomfortable about my past behavior. Truth that had been walled-off seeped into my conscious mind.         
     How do you not be a zombie? It may not always work, but when you’re about to make an important decision and feel even slightly uncomfortable about it, consider whether harmful embedded emotions may be affecting your thinking. Truth may not suddenly dawn on you, but it can work its way into your conscious mind. Then you’ll be a zombie no more.


April 3, 2015

On the trail in my apres ski outfit.



March 8, 2015


A Case Study in Stupid Decision Making




Skiing at the Nordic Center north of Durango a couple of days ago, I went down a short steep slope and fell, taking the impact on my right shoulder and breaking my collar bone. Back at my house, arm in a sling, icing my shoulder, I wondered how such a thing could have happened to the author of All It Takes –– the Three Keys to Making Wise Decisions and not Making Stupid Ones. It didn’t take long before I determined that I had ignored decision making traps I described in Key 2 – Think Clearly and in Key 3 – Keep Your Decisions Under Surveillance:




Failure to Gather and Consider All Relevant Facts: A fact I considered in reaching my decision was that the temperature had climbed to over 40 degrees, and in the sun-lit area where I had been skiing the snow had softened. I already knew, but did not consider, that the steep slope I was approaching faced north and was more likely to be icy. No investigation was needed to find this out; I could have simply reflected on what I already knew. I should not have been surprised to find myself going so fast once I started down.


Overconfidence: This tendency is ingrained in the human psyche and is a common cause of bad decision making. Our species might not have survived if many people had not been overconfident but succeeded anyway! Unfortunately, a price is paid by most of us for overconfidence, sometimes a high one. The feeling “I can do it!” can be exhilarating and inspiring, but may require analysis. In this case it shut down my thinking.



Confirmation Bias: When people want to accomplish something or reach a particular conclusion, they have a tendency to dwell on factors supporting that inclination and screen out ones that work against it. In considering whether I should try to ski down the slope, I reflected that (i) I had skied down it several times before without falling, though I had not attempted it this year; (ii) I was in good shape and and had good stamina and muscle tone; (iii) I had been warming up for twenty minutes on gentle terrain and felt lithe and well balanced; (iv) It seemed unlikely that I would fall. 


Why didn’t I consider that, though the probability of falling might be low, it was not negligible, and given my age of 84, the consequences of falling while traveling at the speed I might attain were more likely to be serious than if I were younger? Confirmation bias blocked such thoughts from my mind.


Keep Your Decisions Under Surveillance:  Sometimes we make decisions that should be reversed if there’s time to do so. I did not keep my decision to ski down the slope under surveillance. I wasn’t open to reconsidering it. If I had been, I might have turned around.



February 4, 2015


Edward Packard joins those answering Eight Eighties Questions from Jade Heasley:



Books and interests as a child: Treasure Island and Robinson Crusoe. They were the inspiration for bedtime stories I made up with my kids and for the book I wrote which came out of them, which I titled The Adventures of You on Sugarcane Island: You are swept overboard while on a sailing trip and cast up on a mysterious tropical island. What will you discover? How will you survive? Will you ever get home again? All questions that have the makings of great adventure. I was also interested in astronomy and wrote a short book on the subject. It was very much out of date because my principal source was an ancient encylopedia I found in the attic. 

Books that influenced me as an adult: I’ve heard it said that the mark of a great book is that it changes the way you think about life; it gives you a jolt in a new direction, one hopes for the better! I think there’s some truth in that, and I have that in mind in trying to answer this question, though it doesn’t make it easier to pick particular books among so many candidates. Among those I found most engaging and illuminating are Proust’s In Search of Lost Time, which I have a feeling is the greatest novel ever written, The Odyssey, which must be the greatest adventure story; Shakespeare’s incomparable plays; in our own backyard –– Huckleberry Finn; and among short stories, Tolstoy’s Master and Man and James Joyce’s The Dead; in contemporary non-fiction, Daniel Kahneman’s Thinking Fast and Slow, which helped me learn to think twice about everything except things you have to think fast about. 

Career transition from law to writing: The law was not my natural calling, and I never missed it once I discovered I could make a living writing. 

Inspiration to start Choose Your Own Adventure. When I realized that my first book initiated a new genre, it was natural to imagine a series of them. I thought of calling them Adventures of You books, but Lippincott (later merged into Harper), which published my next two books, headlined them “Choose Your Own Adventure in the Wild West” and “Choose Your Own Adventure in Outer Space.” That designation appealed to Bantam, so when they started publishing books in this genre, they trademarked them as Choose Your Own Adventure books. 

Endless ideas for titles: All it took was to imagine the kinds of adventures I would like to have or might have without wanting them! If aliens captured you and brought you onto their UFO, what would it be like inside it? What would it be like to find yourself hundreds of years in the past; Or in the future? Or be caught on a sailboat in a typhoon? Or go through a black hole and enter another universe? Or be an eagle or an elephant? There’s no limit to “what ifs.” 

How many Choose Your Own Adventure books did I write: Probably about forty in the main series of 180 books, and maybe ten more in the Skylark series for younger readers, plus eleven in other interactive series I invented, such as Space Hawks (you are an elite space pilot helping defend Earth from alien invaders); Earth Inspectors (you are an enlightened alien sent to Earth to learn about the strange creatures called humans that live there); Escape books, which I call story mazes (you are trapped on an island on an alien planet); there is only one ending in the book –– the ending in which you escape –– and it’s very hard to reach. 

What am I working on: I’ve written and am having illustrated a children’s picture book titled Space Trip; collaborating with developers in producing a computer game based on my book, Escape from Tenopia; writing a science fiction short story in which Kooz, a super rich entrepreneur tries to achieve immortality by uploading the content and neural patterns of his brain into a computer, then creating a new-born clone of himself, whose brain, as it develops, will assimilate his mental state from the computer, whereupon (a three-time Nobel prize-winning neurobiologist has assured him) he, Kooz, will experience his sense of self-awareness –– his very being –– emerging in the person of his clone. Sound far out? I wouldn’t argue with you. I also write blogs and book notes, which I post on my website, edwardpackard.com 

The one piece of life advice I’d like to share: Did you know that free will vs. determinism is still a big subject of contention among philosophers? Assuming it is possible to have free will, which we must if we don’t want to just walk around like zombies, the question is how do we maximize it? How do we free ourselves of emotional constraints on thinking clearly? It’s a question I began asking myself when I realized I had made some simply awful decisions because of harmful embedded emotions I wasn’t aware of. There was a famous movie decades ago titled Invasion of the Body Snatchers. As I remember, these were aliens who took over peoples’ brains, after which, though these poor humans thought they were making their own decisions, it was actually the aliens who were making them. Harmful embedded emotions that we are not conscious of –– ones we may not have the slightest idea exist –– such as, for example, a feeling of unworthiness, can mess things up for you just as much as evil aliens. My one piece of advice is to think about decisions you’ve made that you wish you hadn’t and try to identify any harmful embedded emotions that may have driven them. If you can free yourself of such influences, you’ll probably have no trouble thinking clearly. 


December  31, 2014

HAPPY NEW YEAR!  I wish I could give a prescription for how to bring it about! No chance of that, but I do have a clue to offer –– a piece of wisdom I learned –– which is that healthy-minded people feel happier when they act kindly toward others. I've resolved to keep that in mind thoughout 2015.


September 28, 2014

Three years ago I self-published a book titled All It Takes –– The Three Keys of Making Wise Decisions and Not Making Stupid Ones, a project inspired by curiosity as to why my decision making over the years had often been sensible, even inspired, and at other times stupid, even destructive and self-destructive.

A few months ago, I revised the book, sharpening the writing, correcting some errors, and adding some new material. The new edition is now available. I think many readers could benefit from reading it.  I wish I could have read it a long time ago. See the All It Takes page of this website for further information.


September 18, 2014

On the trail in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado.

Chipmunk and Sara


August 26, 2014

There’s not much more exhilarating than climbing a trail through a magnificient conifer forrest and breaking out above the timber line. That’s why the Coal Bank Pass Trail, officially known as the Pass Creek Trail, is my favorite. Last Thursday we parked at the pass (10,700') and began the climb to Engineer Mountain. I made it as far as 11,450' before rain clouds were rolling in and I was getting chilled and turned back. My wife went further, my daughter further still. The boys outdid us all, continuing past the intersection with the Colorado Trail at 11,650’. Whatever the altitude, the urge to keep climbing is almost irresistible.  


August 11 - 13, 2014

When I was about nine years-old my family vacationed in the Adirondacks. I've always wanted to return there, and last week I did. My wife and I rented a cabin on a remote northern lake with a panoramic view of Whiteface and neighboring peaks. My son and his two kids joined us. The place came with a couple of kayaks and a clunky row boat. Swimming was excellent; the kids liked kayaking to reefs they could climb on about a quarter mile away. Watching loons cruise by, giving their eerie calls, was a pleasure for us all.

Remote as it was, the lake was "built up," with little houses along almost the entire shore. The water pump in our bedroom "closet" was too loud. Neighbors set off firecrackers nightly at dusk. We had a good time, but another time I'd rather be on a really remote lake, one where to get to it you portage your canoe, a long-slog on an overgrown trail, swatting at insects, until mirabile dictu, you behold a place that, for all practical purposes, is from another time.


June 13, 201

After trying to get some of my grandchildren to read more and spend less time on computer games, I'm collaborating wtih a developer in creating a computer game based on one of my books. (I guess it's a case of "If you can't beat 'em, join 'em.") Is this a step toward promoting literacy, or undermining it. Promoting it! This game will require reading and thinking. It will be educational! I hope that doesn't sink it.


May 23, 2014

D. A. Pennebaker and Chris Hegedus exceeded their Kickstarter goal for funding their documentary movie, Unlocking the Cage. This will be important movie. I hope it wins the Oscar for best documentary. We need to raise our general level of empathy if our species is to survive as long as we imagine it will. This movie will help.


May 5, 2014

D.A. Pennebaker and Chris Hegedus are making a documentary titled Unlocking the Cage about the lawyer who is representing a chimp and trying to get his client freed from being wrongly imprisoned. This guy is no crackpot –– he taught at Harvard Law School. The lower court ruled against  him, but treated his case seriously, and of course he's filed an appeal. I don't think a court will ever rule that a chimp has standing to bring a legal action, but maybe it should, since the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that a corporation can have a religious objection.

D.A. and Chris need extra financing for their film and are trying to raise it through Kickstarter. I hope they reach the $75,000 goal they've set. 17 days left to get it. It's worth checking out on Kickstarter even if you don't plan to contribute. It's a worthy project.


April 11, 2014

To hear a podcast of today's Marketplace piece on the story of Choose Your Own Adventure, search: NPR Marketplace podcast Choose Your Own Adventure.


March 4, 2014

The new home page for this website is a photo of Earth and the moon taken from the vicinity of Saturn, about a billion miles away, courtesy of NASA’a Cassini spacecraft. Along with our planet and its moon is the cover image of my just self-published children’s picture book, The Good and Bad Dragon. My agent tried mightily to place this book with an established publisher, but couldn’t. The universal verdict: it’s too old-fashioned, too long a story; not the kind of book you’ll find in bookstores these days.


February 14, 2014

After many years in the making and a year fruitlessly trying to find a publisher, I've self-published a children's picture book titled The Good and Bad Dragon. This is a lengthy, old-fashioned folk tale, a subgenre I've learned is precisely not what sells in the current marketplace. Samuel Johnson said, "No child is so loved as the child of the brain," so it's not surprising that I think the story is terrific. In any case, the illustrations by Beth Ogden are nonpareil.


December 31, 2013

Happy New Year and good wishes to all who stop by!

Here I am, 82 years-old and still trying to think up a New Year's Resolution before midnight.

I know it's best not to overreach and describe all the ways one might change to become perfect. Pick out one thing and really mean it and stick to it is a more sensible way to go.

How's this? "In all relationships, at all times, be mindful of how what you say or do would look from the other person's point of view. "

As a matter of fact, I think that was a resolution I made on New Years Eve about thirty or thirty-five years ago and didn't keep.

All the more reason to make it for 2014.


December 15, 2013

I have two more sessions before graduating from physical therapy, with an A-, or at least B+, average –– my shoulder is about 85% restored to full function, and I've been cleared for crawl and backstroke swimming, though not butterfly, which is probably what brought on my ailment to begin with. As you get older, you have to exercise more to keep from turning into mush, but in the course of this you risk doing a type of exercise that's wearing part of you out. That was the case with my butterfly.

 It's probably a good idea to review your exercise program with a physical therapist as a preventative measure. If I'd done this some months ago I would have spared myself eight weeks of time-consuming and generally boring P.T.


November 5, 2013

If you're lucky enough not to be struck down by disease or experience some other outrageous fortune, it's amazing how mobile and active you can be even in your eighties provided you adhere to a healthy diet and get a lot of exercise. I've been lucky and stayed in shape, and it's paid off. Trouble is: as you get older, body parts tend to wear out. My shoulder started hurting, especially if I moved my arm a certain way. Diagnois: impingement tendonitis. Treatment: There are 17 muscles involved in the shoulder. You have to rest some while building up the others. It's not easy because they are mixed in together. I have to go to P.T. three times a week for five weeks and do prescribed exercises for an hour every day. After two weeks I'm just beginning to feel improvement, enough so I'm motivated to keep at it. Body parts keep breaking down, and it gets harder and harder to build them up. But life is a challenge at every age. I remind myself how lucky I am to expect to get in plenty of cross-country skiing this winter. There are said to be a billion or more planets the size of the Earth in our galaxy. None prettier than ours, I bet.


October 18, 2013

  Back in Durango after a five-day drive from New York, four nights on the road. In May we drove east mostly on I-70. We returned on I-80, the more northern route, on which we encountered generally better roads and fewer trucks. Pennsylvania’s ridgy, rocky topography, which continues into eastern Ohio, is moderately appealing; then the terrain flattens, and the trek through western Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, where agribusiness meets industry, was of little interest. Crossing into Iowa was like reaching the promised land. Smooth curves of low hills form ever shifting horizons against the blue sky. Farmhouses and silos, even the rest stops, bespeak neatness, cleanliness, and prosperity. Surely everyone who lives in this state is sane and sweet and good. . . with exceptions––this is where they have the crazy political caucuses. Yet I grew fonder of Iowa, especially after passing great windmills, each a marriage of technology, nature, and art. I wish there had been a place to stop and listen to the enormous blades turning. I’ll always especially remember this state.
     The wind blew harder through windmill-less (at least along I-80) Nebraska and harder still through fracking-infected northeast Colorado. On the final leg of our trip I marveled at the aspen at full color interspersed with dark spruce on the mountain-sides. Higher elevations were clad with snow, which turned pink as the clouds as the sun went down.


October 2, 2013

I am born again. Not in the religious sense, but I think the transformation of my state of mind has been as radical as for those who, through some startling catalytic event, find a new faith. My epiphany took thirty years or so. What a sluggish rebirth. Surprising I didn’t turn blue. In any case, my previous self is definitely dead. Looking back at him, I am appalled by some of the stupid and unworthy ways he behaved. To be fair, he often acted commendably. He wasn’t a bad sort, just not someone I particularly admire.


September 18, 2013

Clearing out possessions in preparation for decamping from our Long Island place, I thought of an aphorism, which has no doubt has been thought of by many others before: "Clutter is the enemy of clear thinking." There's a depressing effect of clutter, a subliminal feeling that things are out of control. Conversely, uncluttering lifts the spirits.


 September 10, 2013

September is the kindest month this year in eastern Long Island. You can look a mile in each direction and see only a scattering of people reading in their beach chairs or lying on the sand. There have been no tropical storms within a thousand miles or so: no need to watch for knock-you-over-and-churn-you waves as you swim. The beach is clean and smooth. Seagulls step aside as you walk barefoot on the firm sand along the surf line, on and on. . . The sun is warm, but won’t bake you the way it will in July. Dark clouds hang above the horizon portending . . . nothing.


September 1, 2013

Following Thoreau’s dictum, “Simplify, simplify” we put our Long Island home on the market. It’s where I have about 90% of my tangible personal objects, which I find myself storing, giving away, shredding, recycling, shipping to our remaining house, and designating for distribution to kids and grand-kids. It’s a process that’s given me the strange feeling of having died but miraculously being able to act as my own executor, a real-life echo of my novel Notes from the Afterlife, and a poignant yet strangely exhilarating process.


August 17, 2013

Thoughts after returning from the beach while sitting at the dining room table with two grandchildren:

What is one to make of kids who seem perpetually buried in their electronic devices, eyes eight to ten inches from the screen? They are not reading e-books. They are playing games and watching dumb movies. Will they ever read anything resembling literature? Will they ever read anything? They will in school, of course, a thin gruel of standard stuff. What will happen when they grow up? Will they wonder why their kids are immersed in the fruits of some strange new technology instead of playing computer games?


July 17, 2013

An old friend I'd gone to school with for eight years visited for a couple of days, and our conversations drew me back to a question I've been mulling for a long time. I'm a Progressive, a Rachel Maddow and Chris Hayes fan; my friend is a thoroughgoing Conservative; his views sound like Wall Street Journal editorials. We had similar social and education backgrounds. Why the stark difference? I can think of a number of similar cases, even in my own family. My father was, if anything, more conservative than my friend, but my father's father was an environmentalist and animal rights activist.

Why is this? I'm beginning to think it's genetic variation, like blue eyes or brown eyes.


June 23, 2013

Lovely day here in the Hamptons, in fact perfect. The south-wester came up early. It's pleasureable looking up at the treetops, top branches, twigs, and leaves bending in reponse to the wind, sometimes markedly when a puff hits them, the same sort of puff that, over the water, heels your boat over so, if you're close-hauled, water runs over the rails and you work up a little to windward to ease the pressure on the sails.

The beach, not yet overrun with summer visitors, perfect too. Whitecaps on the gray-green ocean tending toward Caribbean blue. Walking along the surf line: What a shocker! It can't be; it is –– a Portuguese Man O War. Do not touch; beautiful but what a sting! And a stinging truth: this is the first one I've ever seen in eighty years of walking on Long Island beaches. Global warming. More evidence. Bit by bit. Buzz Aldrin and Steven Hawking have been talking about how humans will have to move off the Earth to survive. Won't happen.


May 30, 2013

     Sara and I recently drove from western Colorado to the East Coast, and I was reminded again of the unmatchable sense of the land one gets on a long road trip. Some impressions that stayed with me: The long climb to Wolf Creek Pass in south-central Colorado was dispiriting. The conifer forests on the west slopes were devastated, I think by pine bark beetles. In mid-afternoon we took our last look at snow-capped peaks of the front range and began the long trip across the plains, beginning with a sixty-mile stretch through empty, mostly flat, land, relieved at one point by the dramatic view of a wind farm –– a long row of towers on which were mounted three-bladed propellers, each about hundred-and-fifty feet long. I wished for a giant statue of Don Quixote confronting them.
     We stayed overnight in Lamar, near the border, and crossed into Kansas and reached the big town of Garden City early the next morning. No gardens were visible from the Interstate; the place seemed dominated by feed lots (fattening-up lots) for cattle, most of which were lying down, presumably because they were so stuffed. We passed a chicken-rendering plant, and I wondered if workers in it ever rid themselves of its particularly repellent stench. You may resolve to become a vegetarian after passing this town.
     We reached Wichita that afternoon and stayed two nights, visiting Sara’s cousin. Our second day skies darkened and buzzers went off on the TV and on cell phones: A tornado had been reported west of the city. Rain, then marble-sized hail, came down hard, and the sky turned black as midnight, a phenomenon I’d never witnessed during daytime. We descended to the basement. The skies eventually brightened. Wichita had been spared, but it was this system that spawned the super-deadly tornado that struck near Oklahoma City the next day. Where we were, morning dawned partly cloudy. We set off early, journeying up the Kansas Turnpike to Emporia. En route, we passed through the Flint Hills, which may be the lowest hills in the country, pretty to look at just the same. From then on we proceeded on I-70, which must be the premier east-west truck route across the America. Missouri passed rather pleasantly, I thought. Crossing the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers is always a thrill, bringing to mind what I learned in grade school, that this is one of the great river systems of the world, and evoking thoughts of Mark Twain and Huck Finn. We crossed Illinois with relative ease and settled for the night at the Holiday Inn, a few hundred yards off the Interstate at Terra Haute, Indiana. We were tired and selected it because we wanted to stay at a motel with a restaurant on the premises, but this old style Holiday Inn had a phasing-out feel to it. The food was barely edible. Our room window wouldn’t open, and the air smelled as if had been circulating through pipes and rooms for decades.
    Passage through Indiana in the morning was unpleasant in the extreme. Trucks ahead of us, trucks behind us, trucks to the side of us, all sending up oil-tinged mist from the drizzle-soaked road. More than any other, though there was plenty of competition, Indiana’s stretch of I-70 abounded with construction area delays, in only a small fraction of which we observed actual construction. Ohio seemed more open, and the topography, especially east of Columbus, more interesting. It helped that the sun came out. We made good time through this state and reached my nephew’s house in Presto Pennsylvania in plenty of time for welcoming arms, an excellent dinner, and refreshingly pleasant quarters. We would like to have stayed another day, but we had to reach Philadelphia by late afternoon, so after a short morning walk, we set out again. Our route to the Pennsylvania Turnpike took us through a tunnel, then east along the edge of down of downtown Pittsburgh, which reminds me of Manhattan, the Monongahela corresponding to the East River and the Allegheny to the Hudson, these two formidable waterways joining at Pittsburgh’s “Battery” to form the Ohio, the analogue of Upper New York Bay. Traveling the Pennsylvania Turnpike on a sunny late-spring day is an agreeable experience, and we arrived at our destination in good time.
     Throughout our trip we were reminded from time to time that the air is not as fresh and clean as it once was. There is a great deal of talk about climate change. Air pollution is its companion problem, and an even more immediate one.


May 5, 2013

Last week I observed my grandson Chris’s violin lesson. He took up the instrument at age 4 and is now 11. I wonder whether he would have stuck with it if he hadn’t had such an engaging teacher. Shelly and Chris give the impression of colleagues rather than teacher and student. They speak what amounts to a private language. A nod or a few soft words and gestures moves the lesson along. Sometimes Shelley plays a passage with him. They seem perfectly attuned to each other. No remonstrances, no orders, no phony praise. Just the way it should be.


April 16, 2013

    I have a recurring fantasy. I imagine going back in time and having a talk with the me I was when I was 14 years-old. Do I have a lot of tips to give the young me! And, though most 14-year-old boys aren’t likely to be receptive to advice given them by someone two generations older, this one ––the me I was at 14 –– will be, if only because the advice is coming from the same person, only far more experienced and with the same interest in me that I have in myself.
     It happens that I have six grand-children, and their average age is 14. Naturally, I’d like to have the same talk with each of them, modified in each case because the circumstances of each is to some degree unique and in all cases quite different from what mine was when I was 14. Still, I’d like to get some of what I've learned across to them. I try to do that when I see them, but this kind of communication is an art, for sure. Nothing as easy or efficient as it would be if I could talk to the me I was when I was 14.


March 28, 2013

For several years I've been writing blogs for this website. My aim has been to contribute to public political discourse and to impel myself to organize and distill my thoughts. As Ionesco said, "I write to learn what I think."

This is my first "personal" blog. Entries under this heading will deal with personal reflections and experiences. I recently reached the age of 82, an age at which one is likely to have had a lot of experiences and, if one's brain is still working serviceably, have a lot to reflect about.

One thing I've been mulling over is the question "To what degree am I the same person I used to be?" It seems to me that in some important respects the person I was at age twenty, or thirty-five, or fifty is dead. I say this after reflecting on decisions I made and attitudes I had at those ages. In some cases what I now view as having been a stupid, unkind, or unfair decision was the result of inadequate knowledge; more often it is my perspective that has changed.

To give an example: At one time I was bothered by how some people had behaved unkindly or thoughtlessly toward me, but not at all bothered by how I had behaved unkindly or thoughtlessly toward others. In recent years, I've come to care not about how people have mistreated me, but about how I mistreated others. This is not to claim that I've evolved from being a selfish person to an unselfish one. I think the shift is more the product of an intellectual insight than moral improvement: a realization that the mistreatment of me by others did not adversely affect my psychic state except to the extent that I let it, but that my mistreatment of others did.